Mindsets and pre-conscious open-mindedness to incidental information

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2007
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Fujita, Kentaro
Oettingen, Gabriele
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Zusammenfassung

Mindset theory (Gollwitzer, 1990) proposes that deliberative mindsets are marked by more open-minded processing of information, whereas implemental mindsets are characterized by more closed-minded processing. Accordingly, deliberative and implemental mindsets should differ in selective processing of incidental information when performing a central task. In three experiments, participants in deliberative and implemental mindsets performed a computer task while randomly presented incidental, unavoidable words. A subsequent recognition memory test assessed selective processing of these incidental words. Results revealed that deliberative mindsets led to superior recognition memory, suggesting increased open-mindedness to processing incidental information. Implications for mindset and goal theories are discussed.

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150 Psychologie
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Mindsets, Selective information processing, Action phases
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ISO 690FUJITA, Kentaro, Peter M. GOLLWITZER, Gabriele OETTINGEN, 2007. Mindsets and pre-conscious open-mindedness to incidental information. In: Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. 2007, 43(1), pp. 48-61. Available under: doi: 10.1016/j.jesp.2005.12.004
BibTex
@article{Fujita2007Minds-10928,
  year={2007},
  doi={10.1016/j.jesp.2005.12.004},
  title={Mindsets and pre-conscious open-mindedness to incidental information},
  number={1},
  volume={43},
  journal={Journal of Experimental Social Psychology},
  pages={48--61},
  author={Fujita, Kentaro and Gollwitzer, Peter M. and Oettingen, Gabriele}
}
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