The interplay of achievement motive-goal incongruence and state and trait self-control : a pilot study considering cortical correlates of self-control

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Objective: This study utilized different theoretical perspectives to better understand motor performance. We refered to concepts of achievement motive-goal incongruence and assessed cortical correlates of self-control. We assumed that more self-control is required when people act in conformance with an incongruent goal which, in turn, results in impaired performance. We considered the activation of a brain area associated with self-control (dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, dLPFC) as a consequence of motive-goal incongruence. Furthermore, we analyzed whether trait self-control buffers the negative effects of achievement motive—goal incongruence.
Method: Twenty-eight participants (17 women, mean age: 24 years), whose implicit achievement motives were assessed at the beginning of the study, performed a handgrip task in an achievement goal condition and in three incongruent conditions, while their dLPFC oxygenation was monitored continuously (using functional near-infrared spectroscopy, fNIRS).
Results: None of the two-way interactions (motive goal condition) reached significance. A significant three-way interaction (motive trait self-control goal condition) showed that trait self-control buffered the detrimental effects of incongruence on motor performance. The nature of the three-way interaction predicting dLPFC oxygenation was unexpected.
Conclusions: Although our results have to be treated with caution due to a small sample size, we see them as an encouraging starting point for further research on the interplay between motive-goal incongruence and trait and cortical correlates of state self-control that we assume to be important to understand performance in strenuous tasks.

Zusammenfassung in einer weiteren Sprache
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796 Sport
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achievement motive, motive-goal incongruence, self-control, motor performance, fNIRS
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ISO 690SCHÜLER, Julia, Jonas HOFSTETTER, Wanja WOLFF, 2019. The interplay of achievement motive-goal incongruence and state and trait self-control : a pilot study considering cortical correlates of self-control. In: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience. 2019, 13, 235. eISSN 1662-5153. Available under: doi: 10.3389/fnbeh.2019.00235
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@article{Schuler2019inter-47129,
  year={2019},
  doi={10.3389/fnbeh.2019.00235},
  title={The interplay of achievement motive-goal incongruence and state and trait self-control : a pilot study considering cortical correlates of self-control},
  volume={13},
  journal={Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience},
  author={Schüler, Julia and Hofstetter, Jonas and Wolff, Wanja},
  note={Article Number: 235}
}
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    <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">Objective: This study utilized different theoretical perspectives to better understand motor performance. We refered to concepts of achievement motive-goal incongruence and assessed cortical correlates of self-control. We assumed that more self-control is required when people act in conformance with an incongruent goal which, in turn, results in impaired performance. We considered the activation of a brain area associated with self-control (dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, dLPFC) as a consequence of motive-goal incongruence. Furthermore, we analyzed whether trait self-control buffers the negative effects of achievement motive—goal incongruence.&lt;br /&gt;Method: Twenty-eight participants (17 women, mean age: 24 years), whose implicit achievement motives were assessed at the beginning of the study, performed a handgrip task in an achievement goal condition and in three incongruent conditions, while their dLPFC oxygenation was monitored continuously (using functional near-infrared spectroscopy, fNIRS).&lt;br /&gt;Results: None of the two-way interactions (motive   goal condition) reached significance. A significant three-way interaction (motive   trait self-control   goal condition) showed that trait self-control buffered the detrimental effects of incongruence on motor performance. The nature of the three-way interaction predicting dLPFC oxygenation was unexpected.&lt;br /&gt;Conclusions: Although our results have to be treated with caution due to a small sample size, we see them as an encouraging starting point for further research on the interplay between motive-goal incongruence and trait and cortical correlates of state self-control that we assume to be important to understand performance in strenuous tasks.</dcterms:abstract>
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