Ultrastructural analysis of flagellar development in plurilocular sporangia of Ectocarpus siliculosus (Phaeophyceae)

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2013
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Fu, Gang
Nagasato, Chikako
Ito, Toshiaki
Motomura, Taizo
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Flagellar development in the plurilocular zoidangia of sporophytes of the brown alga Ectocarpus siliculosus was analyzed in detail using transmission electron microscopy and electron tomography. A series of cell divisions in the plurilocular zoidangia produced the spore-mother cells. In these cells, the centrioles differentiated into flagellar basal bodies with basal plates at their distal ends and attached to the plasma membrane. The plasma membrane formed a depression (flagellar pocket) into where the flagella elongated and in which variously sized vesicles and cytoplasmic fragments accumulated. The anterior and posterior flagella started elongating simultaneously, and the vesicles and cytoplasmic fragments in the flagellar pocket fused to the flagellar membranes. The two flagella (anterior and posterior) could be clearly distinguished from each other at the initial stage of their development by differences in length, diameter and the appendage flagellar rootlets. Flagella continued to elongate in the flagellar pocket and maintained their mutually parallel arrangement as the flagellar pocket gradually changed position. In mature zoids, the basal part of the posterior flagellum (paraflagellar body) characteristically became swollen and faced the eyespot region. Electron dense materials accumulated between the axoneme and the flagellar membrane, and crystallized materials could also be observed in the swollen region. Before liberation of the zoospores from the plurilocular zoidangia, mastigoneme attachment was restricted to the distal region of the anterior flagellum. Structures just below the flagellar membrane that connected to the mastigonemes were clearly visible by electron tomography.

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570 Biowissenschaften, Biologie
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Brown algae, Ectocarpus, Flagellar differentiation, Transmission electron microscopy, Electron tomography
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ISO 690FU, Gang, Chikako NAGASATO, Toshiaki ITO, Dieter G. MÜLLER, Taizo MOTOMURA, 2013. Ultrastructural analysis of flagellar development in plurilocular sporangia of Ectocarpus siliculosus (Phaeophyceae). In: Protoplasma. 2013, 250(1), pp. 261-272. ISSN 0033-183X. eISSN 1615-6102. Available under: doi: 10.1007/s00709-012-0405-7
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@article{Fu2013-02Ultra-42034,
  year={2013},
  doi={10.1007/s00709-012-0405-7},
  title={Ultrastructural analysis of flagellar development in plurilocular sporangia of Ectocarpus siliculosus (Phaeophyceae)},
  number={1},
  volume={250},
  issn={0033-183X},
  journal={Protoplasma},
  pages={261--272},
  author={Fu, Gang and Nagasato, Chikako and Ito, Toshiaki and Müller, Dieter G. and Motomura, Taizo}
}
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