Elite Theory and Political Transitions : Networks of Power in Ghana and Togo

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2018
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Comparative Politics. 2018, 51(1), pp. 21-42. ISSN 0010-4159. eISSN 2151-6227. Available under: doi: 10.5129/001041518824414610
Zusammenfassung

This article argues that elite theories can contribute significantly to our understanding of democratization. Existing elite theories on the relationship between elite configurations and regime outcomes will be critically reviewed and then tested in two case studies, Ghana and Togo. While Ghana is one of Africa's most democratic countries, Togo has remained an electoral autocracy. The empirical evidence is based on a unique data set that maps the interaction patterns between Members of Parliament (MPs) in each of the countries. Using social network analysis, the article shows that the elite interactions differ systematically between the countries. MPs in Ghana form a dense and strongly interconnected network that bridges ethnic and party cleavages. Moreover, MPs from different parties have developed a measure of trust in one another. In Togo, by contrast, there is much more suspicion between government and opposition, and much less cooperation.

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ISO 690OSEI, Anja, 2018. Elite Theory and Political Transitions : Networks of Power in Ghana and Togo. In: Comparative Politics. 2018, 51(1), pp. 21-42. ISSN 0010-4159. eISSN 2151-6227. Available under: doi: 10.5129/001041518824414610
BibTex
@article{Osei2018Elite-43663,
  year={2018},
  doi={10.5129/001041518824414610},
  title={Elite Theory and Political Transitions : Networks of Power in Ghana and Togo},
  number={1},
  volume={51},
  issn={0010-4159},
  journal={Comparative Politics},
  pages={21--42},
  author={Osei, Anja}
}
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