Anorexia nervosa and body dysmorphic disorder : A comparison of body image concerns and explicit and implicit attractiveness beliefs

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2015
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Thomas, Jennifer J.
Greenberg, Jonathan L.
Elliott, Carl M.
Matheny, Natalie L.
Wilhelm, Sabine
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Zusammenfassung

Although body image is central to the etiological models of anorexia nervosa and body dysmorphic disorder, studies comparing body image and beliefs about attractiveness between the disorders are rare. Sixty-nine individuals (anorexia nervosa: n=24, body dysmorphic disorder: n=23, healthy controls: n=22) completed self-report measures (body image and general psychopathology), diagnostic interviews, and Go/No-Go Association tasks measuring implicit associations. Compared to controls, both clinical groups exhibited greater negative body image, a more negative attitude toward their physical selves, and more dysfunctional coping strategies (ps<.001). Also, both clinical groups shared greater explicit beliefs about the importance of attractiveness (ps<.001). In addition to supporting previous research with regard to comparable body image disturbance, this study also showed that beliefs regarding the importance of appearance (e.g., "one must be attractive to be successful") might be a fruitful target for therapy across both disorders.

Zusammenfassung in einer weiteren Sprache
Fachgebiet (DDC)
150 Psychologie
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Body image disturbance, Coping strategies, Attractiveness beliefs, Anorexia nervosa, Body dysmorphic disorder
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ISO 690HARTMANN, Andrea S., Jennifer J. THOMAS, Jonathan L. GREENBERG, Carl M. ELLIOTT, Natalie L. MATHENY, Sabine WILHELM, 2015. Anorexia nervosa and body dysmorphic disorder : A comparison of body image concerns and explicit and implicit attractiveness beliefs. In: Body Image. Elsevier. 2015, 14, pp. 77-84. ISSN 1740-1445. eISSN 1873-6807. Available under: doi: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2015.03.013
BibTex
@article{Hartmann2015-06Anore-55305,
  year={2015},
  doi={10.1016/j.bodyim.2015.03.013},
  title={Anorexia nervosa and body dysmorphic disorder : A comparison of body image concerns and explicit and implicit attractiveness beliefs},
  volume={14},
  issn={1740-1445},
  journal={Body Image},
  pages={77--84},
  author={Hartmann, Andrea S. and Thomas, Jennifer J. and Greenberg, Jonathan L. and Elliott, Carl M. and Matheny, Natalie L. and Wilhelm, Sabine}
}
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