Daily ranging and den usage patterns structure the spatiotemporal properties of social encounters in spotted hyenas

Lade...
Vorschaubild
Dateien
Zu diesem Dokument gibt es keine Dateien.
Datum
2024
Autor:innen
Jensen, Frants H.
Gersick, Andrew S.
Holekamp, Kay E.
Herausgeber:innen
Kontakt
ISSN der Zeitschrift
Electronic ISSN
ISBN
Bibliografische Daten
Verlag
Schriftenreihe
Auflagebezeichnung
URI (zitierfähiger Link)
ArXiv-ID
Internationale Patentnummer
Angaben zur Forschungsförderung
Projekt
Open Access-Veröffentlichung
Open Access Hybrid
Core Facility der Universität Konstanz
Gesperrt bis
Titel in einer weiteren Sprache
Forschungsvorhaben
Organisationseinheiten
Zeitschriftenheft
Publikationstyp
Zeitschriftenartikel
Publikationsstatus
Published
Erschienen in
Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. Springer Science and Business Media LLC. 2024, 78(4), 45. ISSN 0340-5443. eISSN 1432-0762. Available under: doi: 10.1007/s00265-024-03458-3
Zusammenfassung

Fission–fusion dynamics describe the tendency for members of some animal societies to associate in subgroups that change size and structure fluidly over time. These dynamics shape social complexity and social structure, but are difficult to study because they unfold simultaneously over large spatial scales. Here we use simultaneous, fine-scale GPS data from spotted hyenas to examine fission–fusion dynamics through a dyadic analysis of merge-split events between pairs of individuals. We introduce a species-agnostic framework for identifying merge-split events and discretizing them into three phases (merging, together, and splitting), enabling analysis of each phase as well as the connections among phases. Applying this framework to the hyena data, we examine the temporal and spatial properties of merges and splits between dyads and test the extent to which social encounters are driven by key locations. Specifically, we focus on communal dens—shelters for juvenile hyenas where classical observational studies often report large aggregations of adults. We find that overall, 62% of merges occurred at communal dens, supporting the idea that dens facilitate meet-ups and subsequent social behavior. Social encounters most commonly involved close approaches within a few meters between hyenas, while co-travel together occurred in only 11% of events. Comparison to permutation-based reference models suggests that independent movement decisions structure broad-scale patterns of social encounters but do not explain the fine-scale dynamics of interactions that unfold during these encounters. We reflect on how physical features such as dens can become social hotspots, causing social and spatial processes to become fundamentally intertwined.

Zusammenfassung in einer weiteren Sprache
Fachgebiet (DDC)
570 Biowissenschaften, Biologie
Schlagwörter
GPS tracking, Fission–fusion, Social network, Social hotspot, Biologging, Movement ecology
Konferenz
Rezension
undefined / . - undefined, undefined
Zitieren
ISO 690STRAUSS, Eli D., Frants H. JENSEN, Andrew S. GERSICK, Mara THOMAS, Kay E. HOLEKAMP, Ariana STRANDBURG-PESHKIN, 2024. Daily ranging and den usage patterns structure the spatiotemporal properties of social encounters in spotted hyenas. In: Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. Springer Science and Business Media LLC. 2024, 78(4), 45. ISSN 0340-5443. eISSN 1432-0762. Available under: doi: 10.1007/s00265-024-03458-3
BibTex
@article{Strauss2024-04Daily-69749,
  year={2024},
  doi={10.1007/s00265-024-03458-3},
  title={Daily ranging and den usage patterns structure the spatiotemporal properties of social encounters in spotted hyenas},
  number={4},
  volume={78},
  issn={0340-5443},
  journal={Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology},
  author={Strauss, Eli D. and Jensen, Frants H. and Gersick, Andrew S. and Thomas, Mara and Holekamp, Kay E. and Strandburg-Peshkin, Ariana},
  note={Article Number: 45}
}
RDF
<rdf:RDF
    xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/"
    xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/"
    xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#"
    xmlns:bibo="http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/"
    xmlns:dspace="http://digital-repositories.org/ontologies/dspace/0.1.0#"
    xmlns:foaf="http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/"
    xmlns:void="http://rdfs.org/ns/void#"
    xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#" > 
  <rdf:Description rdf:about="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/server/rdf/resource/123456789/69749">
    <dc:creator>Holekamp, Kay E.</dc:creator>
    <dc:creator>Thomas, Mara</dc:creator>
    <void:sparqlEndpoint rdf:resource="http://localhost/fuseki/dspace/sparql"/>
    <dcterms:available rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2024-04-08T11:09:19Z</dcterms:available>
    <dc:contributor>Strandburg-Peshkin, Ariana</dc:contributor>
    <dspace:isPartOfCollection rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/server/rdf/resource/123456789/28"/>
    <dcterms:issued>2024-04</dcterms:issued>
    <dcterms:title>Daily ranging and den usage patterns structure the spatiotemporal properties of social encounters in spotted hyenas</dcterms:title>
    <dc:rights>Attribution 4.0 International</dc:rights>
    <dc:contributor>Thomas, Mara</dc:contributor>
    <dc:creator>Strauss, Eli D.</dc:creator>
    <dcterms:rights rdf:resource="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/"/>
    <dc:contributor>Gersick, Andrew S.</dc:contributor>
    <foaf:homepage rdf:resource="http://localhost:8080/"/>
    <dcterms:isPartOf rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/server/rdf/resource/123456789/28"/>
    <dc:contributor>Holekamp, Kay E.</dc:contributor>
    <dc:language>eng</dc:language>
    <dc:creator>Jensen, Frants H.</dc:creator>
    <bibo:uri rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/handle/123456789/69749"/>
    <dc:contributor>Strauss, Eli D.</dc:contributor>
    <dcterms:abstract>Fission–fusion dynamics describe the tendency for members of some animal societies to associate in subgroups that change size and structure fluidly over time. These dynamics shape social complexity and social structure, but are difficult to study because they unfold simultaneously over large spatial scales. Here we use simultaneous, fine-scale GPS data from spotted hyenas to examine fission–fusion dynamics through a dyadic analysis of merge-split events between pairs of individuals. We introduce a species-agnostic framework for identifying merge-split events and discretizing them into three phases (merging, together, and splitting), enabling analysis of each phase as well as the connections among phases. Applying this framework to the hyena data, we examine the temporal and spatial properties of merges and splits between dyads and test the extent to which social encounters are driven by key locations. Specifically, we focus on communal dens—shelters for juvenile hyenas where classical observational studies often report large aggregations of adults. We find that overall, 62% of merges occurred at communal dens, supporting the idea that dens facilitate meet-ups and subsequent social behavior. Social encounters most commonly involved close approaches within a few meters between hyenas, while co-travel together occurred in only 11% of events. Comparison to permutation-based reference models suggests that independent movement decisions structure broad-scale patterns of social encounters but do not explain the fine-scale dynamics of interactions that unfold during these encounters. We reflect on how physical features such as dens can become social hotspots, causing social and spatial processes to become fundamentally intertwined.</dcterms:abstract>
    <dc:creator>Gersick, Andrew S.</dc:creator>
    <dcterms:isPartOf rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/server/rdf/resource/123456789/43615"/>
    <dc:creator>Strandburg-Peshkin, Ariana</dc:creator>
    <dc:date rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2024-04-08T11:09:19Z</dc:date>
    <dc:contributor>Jensen, Frants H.</dc:contributor>
    <dspace:isPartOfCollection rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/server/rdf/resource/123456789/43615"/>
  </rdf:Description>
</rdf:RDF>
Interner Vermerk
xmlui.Submission.submit.DescribeStep.inputForms.label.kops_note_fromSubmitter
Kontakt
URL der Originalveröffentl.
Prüfdatum der URL
Prüfungsdatum der Dissertation
Finanzierungsart
Kommentar zur Publikation
Allianzlizenz
Corresponding Authors der Uni Konstanz vorhanden
Internationale Co-Autor:innen
Universitätsbibliographie
Ja
Begutachtet
Ja
Diese Publikation teilen