Dust seed production and dispersal in Swedish Pyroleae species

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2014
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Johansson, Veronika A.
Eriksson, Ove
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Dust seeds are the smallest seeds in angiosperms weighing just about a few micrograms. These seeds are characteristic of most orchids, and several studies have been performed on seed features, fecundity and dispersal of orchid dust seeds. In this study we examine seed features, seed production and seed dispersal in another plant group with dust seeds, the Pyroleae Monotropoideae, Ericaceae), focusing on six species: Pyrola chlorantha, P. minor, P. rotundifolia, Chimaphila umbellata, Moneses uniflora and Orthilia secunda. Seed production per capsule among these species was in the range between ca 1000 and 7800, and seed production per capsule bearing shoot was in the range between ca 7000 and 60 000. Combining our results with published information on pollen-ovule ratios suggests that these Pyroleae species have a generally efficient pollination system. The most fecund species was P. minor, the only species among the investigated that is probably largely self-pollinating. The investigated Pyroleae species have a seed production comparable to the less fecund orchid species. We studied seed dispersal in the field in one of the species, P. chlorantha. Despite the extremely small and potentially buoyant seeds, the vast majority of seeds are deposited close to the seed source, within a few meters. Further studies on the recruitment ecology of the investigated Pyroleae species are currently under way.

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570 Biowissenschaften, Biologie
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Pyroleae species, dust seed
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ISO 690JOHANSSON, Veronika A., Gregor MÜLLER, Ove ERIKSSON, 2014. Dust seed production and dispersal in Swedish Pyroleae species. In: Nordic Journal of Botany. 2014, 32(2), pp. 209-214. ISSN 0107-055X. eISSN 1756-1051. Available under: doi: 10.1111/j.1756-1051.2013.00307.x
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@article{Johansson2014produ-25627,
  year={2014},
  doi={10.1111/j.1756-1051.2013.00307.x},
  title={Dust seed production and dispersal in Swedish Pyroleae species},
  number={2},
  volume={32},
  issn={0107-055X},
  journal={Nordic Journal of Botany},
  pages={209--214},
  author={Johansson, Veronika A. and Müller, Gregor and Eriksson, Ove}
}
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