Gender differences in gifted and average-ability students : Comparing girls' and boys' achievement, self-concept, interest, and motivation in mathematics

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2008
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Preckel, Franzis
Kleine, Michael
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Gifted Child Quarterly. 2008, 52(2), pp. 146-159. ISSN 0016-9862. eISSN 1934-9041. Available under: doi: 10.1177/0016986208315834
Zusammenfassung

This article investigates gender differences in 181 gifted and 181 average-ability sixth graders in achievement, academic self-concept, interest, and motivation in mathematics. Giftedness was conceptualized as nonverbal reasoning ability and defined by a rank of at least 95% on a nonverbal reasoning subscale of the German Cognitive Abilities Test. Mathematical achievement was measured by teacher-assigned grades and a standardized mathematics test. Self-concept, interest, and motivation were assessed by questionnaire. In both ability groups, boys earned significantly higher test scores but there were no gender differences in grades. Girls scored lower on measures of academic self-concept, interest, and motivation. Gender differences were larger in gifted than in average-ability students. Ability group differences for self-concept and interest were only found for boys in favor of the gifted. Results support the assumption that gender differences in self-concept, interest, and motivation in mathematics are more prevalent in gifted than in average-ability students.

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370 Erziehung, Schul- und Bildungswesen
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gender differences, gifted vs average ability students, achievement, self-concept, mathematics
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ISO 690PRECKEL, Franzis, Thomas GÖTZ, Reinhard PEKRUN, Michael KLEINE, 2008. Gender differences in gifted and average-ability students : Comparing girls' and boys' achievement, self-concept, interest, and motivation in mathematics. In: Gifted Child Quarterly. 2008, 52(2), pp. 146-159. ISSN 0016-9862. eISSN 1934-9041. Available under: doi: 10.1177/0016986208315834
BibTex
@article{Preckel2008Gende-13734,
  year={2008},
  doi={10.1177/0016986208315834},
  title={Gender differences in gifted and average-ability students : Comparing girls' and boys' achievement, self-concept, interest, and motivation in mathematics},
  number={2},
  volume={52},
  issn={0016-9862},
  journal={Gifted Child Quarterly},
  pages={146--159},
  author={Preckel, Franzis and Götz, Thomas and Pekrun, Reinhard and Kleine, Michael}
}
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