Navigating the obesogenic environment : How psychological sensitivity to the food environment and self-regulatory competence are associated with adolescent unhealthy snacking

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Datum
2015
Autor:innen
De Vet, Emely
Wardle, Jane
Chu, Maria T.
De Wit, John
De Ridder, Denise T.D.
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Eating Behaviors. 2015, 17, pp. 19-22. ISSN 1471-0153. eISSN 1873-7358. Available under: doi: 10.1016/j.eatbeh.2014.12.003
Zusammenfassung

Purpose
Living in an obesogenic environment may not affect all adolescents to the same extent, depending on their psychological sensitivity to the food environment and their self-regulatory competence. The purpose of the current study was to examine associations of these two factors with unhealthy snacking among adolescents. We also investigated whether self-regulatory competence could attenuate the negative effects of being sensitive to the food environment.

Methods
A survey was completed by 11,392 European adolescents (10–17 years old). The survey measured psychological sensitivity to the food environment, self-regulatory competence and self-reported unhealthy snack intake.

Results
Higher food environment sensitivity and lower self-regulatory competence were associated with more unhealthy snacking. The two factors also interacted, with self-regulatory competence attenuating the influence of high food environment sensitivity.

Discussion
Adolescents who are sensitive to the food environment reported higher unhealthy snack intake. More frequent use of self-regulation strategies on the other hand was associated with lower unhealthy snack intake. Moreover, self-regulatory competence was found to moderate the influence of psychological sensitivity to the food environment on unhealthy snacking, although the effect size was small. Fostering adolescents' self-regulatory competence can help enable them to better navigate the obesogenic environment.

Zusammenfassung in einer weiteren Sprache
Fachgebiet (DDC)
150 Psychologie
Schlagwörter
Obesogenic environment, Power of food, Self-regulation, Adolescence, Eating behavior, Snacking
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ISO 690STOK, F. Marijn, Emely DE VET, Jane WARDLE, Maria T. CHU, John DE WIT, Denise T.D. DE RIDDER, 2015. Navigating the obesogenic environment : How psychological sensitivity to the food environment and self-regulatory competence are associated with adolescent unhealthy snacking. In: Eating Behaviors. 2015, 17, pp. 19-22. ISSN 1471-0153. eISSN 1873-7358. Available under: doi: 10.1016/j.eatbeh.2014.12.003
BibTex
@article{Stok2015Navig-31197,
  year={2015},
  doi={10.1016/j.eatbeh.2014.12.003},
  title={Navigating the obesogenic environment : How psychological sensitivity to the food environment and self-regulatory competence are associated with adolescent unhealthy snacking},
  volume={17},
  issn={1471-0153},
  journal={Eating Behaviors},
  pages={19--22},
  author={Stok, F. Marijn and De Vet, Emely and Wardle, Jane and Chu, Maria T. and De Wit, John and De Ridder, Denise T.D.}
}
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