Template for the description of cell-based toxicological test methods to allow evaluation and regulatory use of the data

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Alternatives to Animal Experimentation : ALTEX. 2019, 36(4), pp. 682-699. ISSN 1868-596X. eISSN 1868-8551. Available under: doi: 10.14573/altex.1909271
Zusammenfassung

Only few cell-based test methods are described by Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) test guidelines or other regulatory references (e.g., the European Pharmacopoeia). The majority of toxicity tests still falls into the category of non-guideline methods. Data from these tests may nevertheless be used to support regulatory decisions or to guide strategies to assess compounds (e.g., drugs, agrochemicals) during research and development if they fulfill basic requirements concerning their relevance, reproducibility and predictivity. Only a method description of sufficient clarity and detail allows interpretation and use of the data. To guide regulators faced with increasing amounts of data from non-guideline studies, the OECD formulated Guidance Document 211 (GD211) on method documentation for the purpose of safety assessment. As GD211 is targeted mainly at regulators, it leaves scientists less familiar with regulation uncertain as to what level of detail is required and how individual questions should be answered. Moreover, little attention was given to the description of the test system (i.e., cell culture) and the steps leading to it being established in the guidance. To address these issues, an annotated toxicity test method template (ToxTemp) was developed (i) to fulfill all requirements of GD211, (ii) to guide the user concerning the types of answers and detail of information required, (iii) to include acceptance criteria for test elements, and (iv) to define the cells sufficiently and transparently. The fully annotated ToxTemp is provided here, together with reference to a database containing exemplary descriptions of more than 20 cell-based tests.

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ISO 690KREBS, Alice, Tanja WALDMANN, Costanza ROVIDA, Giorgia PALLOCCA, Thomas HARTUNG, Florian GANTNER, Thomas E. EXNER, Daniel R. DIETRICH, Francois BUSQUET, Marcel LEIST, 2019. Template for the description of cell-based toxicological test methods to allow evaluation and regulatory use of the data. In: Alternatives to Animal Experimentation : ALTEX. 2019, 36(4), pp. 682-699. ISSN 1868-596X. eISSN 1868-8551. Available under: doi: 10.14573/altex.1909271
BibTex
@article{Krebs2019Templ-47354,
  year={2019},
  doi={10.14573/altex.1909271},
  title={Template for the description of cell-based toxicological test methods to allow evaluation and regulatory use of the data},
  number={4},
  volume={36},
  issn={1868-596X},
  journal={Alternatives to Animal Experimentation : ALTEX},
  pages={682--699},
  author={Krebs, Alice and Waldmann, Tanja and Rovida, Costanza and Pallocca, Giorgia and Hartung, Thomas and Gantner, Florian and Exner, Thomas E. and Dietrich, Daniel R. and Busquet, Francois and Leist, Marcel},
  note={Erratum: ALTEX - Alternatives to animal experimentation ; 37 (2020), 1. - S. 164.- Available at: https://www.altex.org/index.php/altex/article/view/1508 *** https://dx.doi.org/10.14573/altex.1909271e}
}
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Erratum: ALTEX - Alternatives to animal experimentation ; 37 (2020), 1. - S. 164.- Available at: https://www.altex.org/index.php/altex/article/view/1508 *** https://dx.doi.org/10.14573/altex.1909271e
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