Seabird morphology determines operational wind speeds, tolerable maxima, and responses to extremes

Lade...
Vorschaubild
Dateien
Zu diesem Dokument gibt es keine Dateien.
Datum
2023
Autor:innen
de Grissac, Sophie
Anderson, David J.
Cole, Nik C.
Fell, Adam
Grémillet, David
Lempidakis, Emmanouil
Lerma, Miriam
et al.
Herausgeber:innen
Kontakt
ISSN der Zeitschrift
Electronic ISSN
ISBN
Bibliografische Daten
Verlag
Schriftenreihe
Auflagebezeichnung
URI (zitierfähiger Link)
ArXiv-ID
Internationale Patentnummer
Angaben zur Forschungsförderung
Projekt
Open Access-Veröffentlichung
Core Facility der Universität Konstanz
Gesperrt bis
Titel in einer weiteren Sprache
Forschungsvorhaben
Organisationseinheiten
Zeitschriftenheft
Publikationstyp
Zeitschriftenartikel
Publikationsstatus
Published
Erschienen in
Current Biology. Elsevier. 2023, 33(6), pp. 1179-1184.e3. ISSN 0960-9822. Available under: doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2023.01.068
Zusammenfassung

Storms can cause widespread seabird stranding and wrecking,1,2,3,4,5 yet little is known about the maximum wind speeds that birds are able to tolerate or the conditions they avoid. We analyzed >300,000 h of tracking data from 18 seabird species, including flapping and soaring fliers, to assess how flight morphology affects wind selectivity, both at fine scales (hourly movement steps) and across the breeding season. We found no general preference or avoidance of particular wind speeds within foraging tracks. This suggests seabird flight morphology is adapted to a “wind niche,” with higher wing loading being selected in windier environments. In support of this, wing loading was positively related to the median wind speeds on the breeding grounds, as well as the maximum wind speeds in which birds flew. Yet globally, the highest wind speeds occur in the tropics (in association with tropical cyclones) where birds are morphologically adapted to low median wind speeds. Tropical species must therefore show behavioral responses to extreme winds, including long-range avoidance of wind speeds that can be twice their operable maxima. By contrast, Procellariiformes flew in almost all wind speeds they encountered at a seasonal scale. Despite this, we describe a small number of cases where albatrosses avoided strong winds at close range, including by flying into the eye of the storm. Extreme winds appear to pose context-dependent risks to seabirds, and more information is needed on the factors that determine the hierarchy of risk, given the impact of global change on storm intensity.6,7

Zusammenfassung in einer weiteren Sprache
Fachgebiet (DDC)
570 Biowissenschaften, Biologie
Schlagwörter
extreme weather events, storms, flight, wing loading, bio-logging
Konferenz
Rezension
undefined / . - undefined, undefined
Zitieren
ISO 690NOURANI, Elham, Kamran SAFI, Sophie DE GRISSAC, David J. ANDERSON, Nik C. COLE, Adam FELL, David GRÉMILLET, Emmanouil LEMPIDAKIS, Miriam LERMA, Martin WIKELSKI, 2023. Seabird morphology determines operational wind speeds, tolerable maxima, and responses to extremes. In: Current Biology. Elsevier. 2023, 33(6), pp. 1179-1184.e3. ISSN 0960-9822. Available under: doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2023.01.068
BibTex
@article{Nourani2023-02Seabi-66275,
  year={2023},
  doi={10.1016/j.cub.2023.01.068},
  title={Seabird morphology determines operational wind speeds, tolerable maxima, and responses to extremes},
  number={6},
  volume={33},
  issn={0960-9822},
  journal={Current Biology},
  pages={1179--1184.e3},
  author={Nourani, Elham and Safi, Kamran and de Grissac, Sophie and Anderson, David J. and Cole, Nik C. and Fell, Adam and Grémillet, David and Lempidakis, Emmanouil and Lerma, Miriam and Wikelski, Martin}
}
RDF
<rdf:RDF
    xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/"
    xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/"
    xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#"
    xmlns:bibo="http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/"
    xmlns:dspace="http://digital-repositories.org/ontologies/dspace/0.1.0#"
    xmlns:foaf="http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/"
    xmlns:void="http://rdfs.org/ns/void#"
    xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#" > 
  <rdf:Description rdf:about="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/server/rdf/resource/123456789/66275">
    <dcterms:available rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2023-03-02T16:00:14Z</dcterms:available>
    <dc:language>eng</dc:language>
    <dcterms:abstract>Storms can cause widespread seabird stranding and wrecking,1,2,3,4,5 yet little is known about the maximum wind speeds that birds are able to tolerate or the conditions they avoid. We analyzed &gt;300,000 h of tracking data from 18 seabird species, including flapping and soaring fliers, to assess how flight morphology affects wind selectivity, both at fine scales (hourly movement steps) and across the breeding season. We found no general preference or avoidance of particular wind speeds within foraging tracks. This suggests seabird flight morphology is adapted to a “wind niche,” with higher wing loading being selected in windier environments. In support of this, wing loading was positively related to the median wind speeds on the breeding grounds, as well as the maximum wind speeds in which birds flew. Yet globally, the highest wind speeds occur in the tropics (in association with tropical cyclones) where birds are morphologically adapted to low median wind speeds. Tropical species must therefore show behavioral responses to extreme winds, including long-range avoidance of wind speeds that can be twice their operable maxima. By contrast, Procellariiformes flew in almost all wind speeds they encountered at a seasonal scale. Despite this, we describe a small number of cases where albatrosses avoided strong winds at close range, including by flying into the eye of the storm. Extreme winds appear to pose context-dependent risks to seabirds, and more information is needed on the factors that determine the hierarchy of risk, given the impact of global change on storm intensity.6,7</dcterms:abstract>
    <dc:contributor>Anderson, David J.</dc:contributor>
    <dc:creator>Cole, Nik C.</dc:creator>
    <dcterms:isPartOf rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/server/rdf/resource/123456789/43615"/>
    <dcterms:issued>2023-02</dcterms:issued>
    <dspace:isPartOfCollection rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/server/rdf/resource/123456789/28"/>
    <bibo:uri rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/handle/123456789/66275"/>
    <dc:contributor>Grémillet, David</dc:contributor>
    <foaf:homepage rdf:resource="http://localhost:8080/"/>
    <dc:creator>Grémillet, David</dc:creator>
    <dc:creator>Nourani, Elham</dc:creator>
    <dc:creator>Lerma, Miriam</dc:creator>
    <dc:creator>Wikelski, Martin</dc:creator>
    <dc:contributor>Cole, Nik C.</dc:contributor>
    <dc:date rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2023-03-02T16:00:14Z</dc:date>
    <dcterms:title>Seabird morphology determines operational wind speeds, tolerable maxima, and responses to extremes</dcterms:title>
    <dcterms:isPartOf rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/server/rdf/resource/123456789/28"/>
    <dc:creator>Anderson, David J.</dc:creator>
    <dc:contributor>Safi, Kamran</dc:contributor>
    <dc:contributor>Lempidakis, Emmanouil</dc:contributor>
    <dc:creator>Lempidakis, Emmanouil</dc:creator>
    <dc:contributor>de Grissac, Sophie</dc:contributor>
    <void:sparqlEndpoint rdf:resource="http://localhost/fuseki/dspace/sparql"/>
    <dc:contributor>Wikelski, Martin</dc:contributor>
    <dc:creator>Fell, Adam</dc:creator>
    <dc:contributor>Nourani, Elham</dc:contributor>
    <dc:creator>de Grissac, Sophie</dc:creator>
    <dspace:isPartOfCollection rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/server/rdf/resource/123456789/43615"/>
    <dc:contributor>Fell, Adam</dc:contributor>
    <dc:contributor>Lerma, Miriam</dc:contributor>
    <dc:creator>Safi, Kamran</dc:creator>
  </rdf:Description>
</rdf:RDF>
Interner Vermerk
xmlui.Submission.submit.DescribeStep.inputForms.label.kops_note_fromSubmitter
Kontakt
URL der Originalveröffentl.
Prüfdatum der URL
Prüfungsdatum der Dissertation
Finanzierungsart
Kommentar zur Publikation
Allianzlizenz
Corresponding Authors der Uni Konstanz vorhanden
Internationale Co-Autor:innen
Universitätsbibliographie
Ja
Begutachtet
Ja
Link zu Forschungsdaten
Beschreibung der Forschungsdaten
Annotated tracking data
R code
Diese Publikation teilen