Heuristics : Tools for an uncertain world.

Lade...
Vorschaubild
Dateien
Zu diesem Dokument gibt es keine Dateien.
Datum
2015
Autor:innen
Gigerenzer, Gerd
Herausgeber:innen
Kontakt
ISSN der Zeitschrift
Electronic ISSN
ISBN
Bibliografische Daten
Verlag
Schriftenreihe
Auflagebezeichnung
URI (zitierfähiger Link)
ArXiv-ID
Internationale Patentnummer
Angaben zur Forschungsförderung
Projekt
Open Access-Veröffentlichung
Sammlungen
Core Facility der Universität Konstanz
Gesperrt bis
Titel in einer weiteren Sprache
Forschungsvorhaben
Organisationseinheiten
Zeitschriftenheft
Publikationstyp
Beitrag zu einem Sammelband
Publikationsstatus
Published
Erschienen in
SCOTT, Robert A., ed., Stephen M. KOSSLYN, ed. and others. Emerging trends in the social and behavioral sciences : an interdisciplinary, searchable, and linkable resource. New York, NY: Wiley Online Library, 2015, pp. 1-18. ISBN 978-1-118-90077-2. Available under: doi: 10.1002/9781118900772.etrds0394
Zusammenfassung

We distinguish between situations of risk, where all options, consequences, and probabilities are known, and situations of uncertainty, where they are not. Probability theory and statistics are the best tools for deciding under risk but not under uncertainty, which characterizes most relevant problems that humans have to solve. Uncertainty requires simple heuristics that are robust rather than optimal. We propose to think of the mind as an adaptive toolbox and introduce the descriptive study of heuristics, their building blocks, and the core capacities they exploit. The question of which heuristic to select for which class of problems is the topic of the normative study of ecological rationality. We discuss earlier views on the nature of heuristics that maintained that heuristics are always less accurate because they ignore information and demand less effort. Contrary to this accuracy–effort trade-off view, heuristics can lead to more accurate inferences—under uncertainty—than strategies that use more information and computation. The study of heuristics opens up a new perspective on the nature of both cognition and rationality. In a world of uncertainty, Homo sapiens might well be called Homo heuristicus.

Zusammenfassung in einer weiteren Sprache
Fachgebiet (DDC)
150 Psychologie
Schlagwörter
Heuristics, risk vs. uncertainty, adaptive toolbox, ecological rationality, optimality, robustness
Konferenz
Rezension
undefined / . - undefined, undefined
Zitieren
ISO 690NETH, Hansjörg, Gerd GIGERENZER, 2015. Heuristics : Tools for an uncertain world.. In: SCOTT, Robert A., ed., Stephen M. KOSSLYN, ed. and others. Emerging trends in the social and behavioral sciences : an interdisciplinary, searchable, and linkable resource. New York, NY: Wiley Online Library, 2015, pp. 1-18. ISBN 978-1-118-90077-2. Available under: doi: 10.1002/9781118900772.etrds0394
BibTex
@incollection{Neth2015-05-15Heuri-31567,
  year={2015},
  doi={10.1002/9781118900772.etrds0394},
  title={Heuristics : Tools for an uncertain world.},
  isbn={978-1-118-90077-2},
  publisher={Wiley Online Library},
  address={New York, NY},
  booktitle={Emerging trends in the social and behavioral sciences : an interdisciplinary, searchable, and linkable resource},
  pages={1--18},
  editor={Scott, Robert A. and Kosslyn, Stephen M.},
  author={Neth, Hansjörg and Gigerenzer, Gerd}
}
RDF
<rdf:RDF
    xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/"
    xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/"
    xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#"
    xmlns:bibo="http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/"
    xmlns:dspace="http://digital-repositories.org/ontologies/dspace/0.1.0#"
    xmlns:foaf="http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/"
    xmlns:void="http://rdfs.org/ns/void#"
    xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#" > 
  <rdf:Description rdf:about="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/server/rdf/resource/123456789/31567">
    <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">We distinguish between situations of risk, where all options, consequences, and probabilities are known, and situations of uncertainty, where they are not. Probability theory and statistics are the best tools for deciding under risk but not under uncertainty, which characterizes most relevant problems that humans have to solve. Uncertainty requires simple heuristics that are robust rather than optimal. We propose to think of the mind as an adaptive toolbox and introduce the descriptive study of heuristics, their building blocks, and the core capacities they exploit. The question of which heuristic to select for which class of problems is the topic of the normative study of ecological rationality. We discuss earlier views on the nature of heuristics that maintained that heuristics are always less accurate because they ignore information and demand less effort. Contrary to this accuracy–effort trade-off view, heuristics can lead to more accurate inferences—under uncertainty—than strategies that use more information and computation. The study of heuristics opens up a new perspective on the nature of both cognition and rationality. In a world of uncertainty, Homo sapiens might well be called Homo heuristicus.</dcterms:abstract>
    <dc:contributor>Neth, Hansjörg</dc:contributor>
    <dc:creator>Gigerenzer, Gerd</dc:creator>
    <foaf:homepage rdf:resource="http://localhost:8080/"/>
    <void:sparqlEndpoint rdf:resource="http://localhost/fuseki/dspace/sparql"/>
    <dc:date rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2015-08-13T14:07:40Z</dc:date>
    <bibo:uri rdf:resource="http://kops.uni-konstanz.de/handle/123456789/31567"/>
    <dcterms:issued>2015-05-15</dcterms:issued>
    <dcterms:isPartOf rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/server/rdf/resource/123456789/43"/>
    <dcterms:available rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2015-08-13T14:07:40Z</dcterms:available>
    <dc:contributor>Gigerenzer, Gerd</dc:contributor>
    <dcterms:title>Heuristics : Tools for an uncertain world.</dcterms:title>
    <dspace:isPartOfCollection rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/server/rdf/resource/123456789/43"/>
    <dc:creator>Neth, Hansjörg</dc:creator>
    <dc:language>eng</dc:language>
  </rdf:Description>
</rdf:RDF>
Interner Vermerk
xmlui.Submission.submit.DescribeStep.inputForms.label.kops_note_fromSubmitter
Kontakt
URL der Originalveröffentl.
Prüfdatum der URL
Prüfungsdatum der Dissertation
Finanzierungsart
Kommentar zur Publikation
Allianzlizenz
Corresponding Authors der Uni Konstanz vorhanden
Internationale Co-Autor:innen
Universitätsbibliographie
Ja
Begutachtet
Diese Publikation teilen