Traditional and modern eating in older adults : a comparison between an urban and rural sample from Gujarat, Western India

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2022
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Bhangaokar, Rachana
Fischler, Claude
Rozin, Paul
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Health Psychology and Behavioral Medicine. Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. 2022, 10(1), pp. 818-836. eISSN 2164-2850. Available under: doi: 10.1080/21642850.2022.2116327
Zusammenfassung

Background
The present study aimed to investigate how often and to what degree older adults living in an area of Gujarat, Western India, enact traditional and modern eating behaviors. Specifically, we aimed to determine which facets of traditional eating are enacted rarely and which facets of modern eating are enacted often. Moreover, we hypothesized that urban older adults show a higher level of modern eating behaviors than rural older adults. Furthermore, we examined which traditional eating behaviors are more prevalent in rural older adults, and which are more prevalent in urban older adults.

Methods
A trained research assistant administered a questionnaire in a face-to-face situation with 120 older adults in a rural and an urban area of Gujarat, Western India. Participants were asked how often and to what degree they perform 57 traditional and modern eating behaviors.

Results
Overall, our sample of older Gujaratis reported a high level of traditional eating behaviors and a low level of modern eating behaviors. However, we also found, for example, a low level of the traditional eating facet of men getting preferential treatment and a high level of the modern eating facet of food being readily available. Moreover, most modern eating facets were more pronounced in the urban than in the rural sample. This was also the case for half of all traditional eating facets.

Conclusion
Our sample of older adults living in an area of Gujarat displayed more modern eating behaviors in urban than in rural areas. At the same time, however, the urban sample showed also more traditional eating behaviors, such as eating more fruits, possibly because of better food availability. Altogether, results might hint at some signs of modernization among older adults in this area of Gujarat with regard to changing gender roles and better food availability.

Zusammenfassung in einer weiteren Sprache
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150 Psychologie
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Nutrition transition; traditional and modern eating; older adults; Western India; rural
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ISO 690SPROESSER, Gudrun, Rachana BHANGAOKAR, Matthew B. RUBY, Claude FISCHLER, Paul ROZIN, Harald T. SCHUPP, Britta RENNER, 2022. Traditional and modern eating in older adults : a comparison between an urban and rural sample from Gujarat, Western India. In: Health Psychology and Behavioral Medicine. Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. 2022, 10(1), pp. 818-836. eISSN 2164-2850. Available under: doi: 10.1080/21642850.2022.2116327
BibTex
@article{Sproesser2022-12-31Tradi-58493,
  year={2022},
  doi={10.1080/21642850.2022.2116327},
  title={Traditional and modern eating in older adults : a comparison between an urban and rural sample from Gujarat, Western India},
  number={1},
  volume={10},
  journal={Health Psychology and Behavioral Medicine},
  pages={818--836},
  author={Sproesser, Gudrun and Bhangaokar, Rachana and Ruby, Matthew B. and Fischler, Claude and Rozin, Paul and Schupp, Harald T. and Renner, Britta},
  note={German Research Foundation within the project ‘Why people eat in a traditional or modern way: A cross-country study’ (Grant SP 1610/2-1, granted to GS)}
}
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    <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">Background&lt;br /&gt;The present study aimed to investigate how often and to what degree older adults living in an area of Gujarat, Western India, enact traditional and modern eating behaviors. Specifically, we aimed to determine which facets of traditional eating are enacted rarely and which facets of modern eating are enacted often. Moreover, we hypothesized that urban older adults show a higher level of modern eating behaviors than rural older adults. Furthermore, we examined which traditional eating behaviors are more prevalent in rural older adults, and which are more prevalent in urban older adults.&lt;br /&gt;&lt;br /&gt;Methods&lt;br /&gt;A trained research assistant administered a questionnaire in a face-to-face situation with 120 older adults in a rural and an urban area of Gujarat, Western India. Participants were asked how often and to what degree they perform 57 traditional and modern eating behaviors.&lt;br /&gt;&lt;br /&gt;Results&lt;br /&gt;Overall, our sample of older Gujaratis reported a high level of traditional eating behaviors and a low level of modern eating behaviors. However, we also found, for example, a low level of the traditional eating facet of men getting preferential treatment and a high level of the modern eating facet of food being readily available. Moreover, most modern eating facets were more pronounced in the urban than in the rural sample. This was also the case for half of all traditional eating facets.&lt;br /&gt;&lt;br /&gt;Conclusion&lt;br /&gt;Our sample of older adults living in an area of Gujarat displayed more modern eating behaviors in urban than in rural areas. At the same time, however, the urban sample showed also more traditional eating behaviors, such as eating more fruits, possibly because of better food availability. Altogether, results might hint at some signs of modernization among older adults in this area of Gujarat with regard to changing gender roles and better food availability.</dcterms:abstract>
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German Research Foundation within the project ‘Why people eat in a traditional or modern way: A cross-country study’ (Grant SP 1610/2-1, granted to GS)
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