Self-control mediates the link between gender and academic achievement in sex-stereotyped school subjects in elementary and in higher secondary schools

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Current Psychology. Springer. 2020, 39(5), pp. 1683-1695. ISSN 1046-1310. eISSN 1936-4733. Available under: doi: 10.1007/s12144-018-9867-x
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We tested whether self-control, previous grades, IQ, and gender can predict performance in German, English (as a foreign language), and in math after six months. These subjects are often considered as feminine (German, English) or masculine (math). Data was collected from the third and fourth grades (N = 299) in elementary schools and in fifth and sixth grades in higher secondary schools (N = 420). Self-control predicted grades in all subjects (but best in English) and in both types of school six months later, independent of previous grades and IQ. Previous grades strongly predicted performance in all subjects. Females were higher in self-control and earned better grades in feminine subjects than males. Self-control mediated the link between gender and grades in languages in females.

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ISO 690ACHTZIGER, Anja, Ute C. BAYER, 2020. Self-control mediates the link between gender and academic achievement in sex-stereotyped school subjects in elementary and in higher secondary schools. In: Current Psychology. Springer. 2020, 39(5), pp. 1683-1695. ISSN 1046-1310. eISSN 1936-4733. Available under: doi: 10.1007/s12144-018-9867-x
BibTex
@article{Achtziger2020-10Selfc-51242,
  year={2020},
  doi={10.1007/s12144-018-9867-x},
  title={Self-control mediates the link between gender and academic achievement in sex-stereotyped school subjects in elementary and in higher secondary schools},
  number={5},
  volume={39},
  issn={1046-1310},
  journal={Current Psychology},
  pages={1683--1695},
  author={Achtziger, Anja and Bayer, Ute C.}
}
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