Are authoritarianism and militancy key characteristics of religious fundamentalism? : A latent class analysis of an Egyptian Muslim sample

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We investigated whether authoritarianism and militancy are essential characteristics of religious fundamentalism by exploring subtypes of religious fundamentalism in a sample of n = 152 Muslims from Egypt. We applied Hood and colleagues’ intratextuality as a basic type of fundamentalism and selected a range of differentiating factors, such as closed-mindedness, militancy, and religious reflexivity, to characterize different subtypes. A survey with questionnaires was conducted in Cairo, Egypt, in the summer of 2013. Latent class analysis was applied to the data set. A solution with three subtypes fitted the data best. Subtype 1 had flexible and open-minded characteristics, Subtype 2 matched the typical characterization of religious fundamentalism with features of authoritarianism and extremist thinking, and Subtype 3 was a moderate version of Subtype 2 without authoritarian features but still with a high level of closed-mindedness. These results show that authoritarianism and militancy are not essential parts of religious fundamentalism and suggest that a more differentiated concept of religious fundamentalism is reasonable.

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ISO 690SADOWSKI, Friederike, Jérôme ENDRASS, Andreas ZICK, 2019. Are authoritarianism and militancy key characteristics of religious fundamentalism? : A latent class analysis of an Egyptian Muslim sample. In: Psychology of Religion and Spirituality. American Psychological Association (APA). 2019, 11(4), pp. 442-448. ISSN 1941-1022. eISSN 1943-1562. Available under: doi: 10.1037/rel0000165
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@article{Sadowski2019-11autho-48764,
  year={2019},
  doi={10.1037/rel0000165},
  title={Are authoritarianism and militancy key characteristics of religious fundamentalism? : A latent class analysis of an Egyptian Muslim sample},
  number={4},
  volume={11},
  issn={1941-1022},
  journal={Psychology of Religion and Spirituality},
  pages={442--448},
  author={Sadowski, Friederike and Endrass, Jérôme and Zick, Andreas}
}
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