Metaorganisms in extreme environments : do microbes play a role in organismal adaptation?

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2018
Autor:innen
Bang, Corinna
Dagan, Tal
Deines, Peter
Dubilier, Nicole
Duschl, Wolfgang J.
Fraune, Sebastian
Bosch, Thomas C. G.
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Zusammenfassung

From protists to humans, all animals and plants are inhabited by microbial organisms. There is an increasing appreciation that these resident microbes influence the fitness of their plant and animal hosts, ultimately forming a metaorganism consisting of a uni- or multicellular host and a community of associated microorganisms. Research on host-microbe interactions has become an emerging cross-disciplinary field. In both vertebrates and invertebrates a complex microbiome confers immunological, metabolic and behavioural benefits; conversely, its disturbance can contribute to the development of disease states. However, the molecular and cellular mechanisms controlling the interactions within a metaorganism are poorly understood and many key interactions between the associated organisms remain unknown. In this perspective article, we outline some of the issues in interspecies interactions and in particular address the question of how metaorganisms react and adapt to inputs from extreme environments such as deserts, the intertidal zone, oligothrophic seas, and hydrothermal vents.

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Fachgebiet (DDC)
570 Biowissenschaften, Biologie
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Holobiont, Host–microbe interaction, Microbiome, Resident microbes
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ISO 690BANG, Corinna, Tal DAGAN, Peter DEINES, Nicole DUBILIER, Wolfgang J. DUSCHL, Sebastian FRAUNE, Claudia POGOREUTZ, Nils RÄDECKER, Christian R. VOOLSTRA, Thomas C. G. BOSCH, 2018. Metaorganisms in extreme environments : do microbes play a role in organismal adaptation?. In: Zoology. Elsevier. 2018, 127, pp. 1-19. ISSN 0944-2006. eISSN 1873-2720. Available under: doi: 10.1016/j.zool.2018.02.004
BibTex
@article{Bang2018Metao-50715,
  year={2018},
  doi={10.1016/j.zool.2018.02.004},
  title={Metaorganisms in extreme environments : do microbes play a role in organismal adaptation?},
  volume={127},
  issn={0944-2006},
  journal={Zoology},
  pages={1--19},
  author={Bang, Corinna and Dagan, Tal and Deines, Peter and Dubilier, Nicole and Duschl, Wolfgang J. and Fraune, Sebastian and Pogoreutz, Claudia and Rädecker, Nils and Voolstra, Christian R. and Bosch, Thomas C. G.}
}
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