Educational Expectation Gaps Between Second-Generation Immigrant and Ethnic Majority Students in a Comparative Perspective : The Moderating Role of Educational Tracking

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International Migration Review. Sage. 2024, 58(2), pp. 644-679. ISSN 0197-9183. eISSN 1747-7379. Available under: doi: 10.1177/01979183221149917
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This paper investigates the influence of educational tracking on immigrant educational expectation gaps in Sweden, England, the Netherlands, and Germany. To account for heterogeneity in immigrant children's origin countries, this paper additionally focuses on the educational selectivity of immigrant parents. The article argues that with a greater degree of tracking, students receive stronger track signals about their ability and their future opportunities, which should reduce the influence of immigrant parents’ aspirations and mitigate immigrant students’ lower responsiveness to school ability. As a result, immigrant students in countries with a high degree of tracking should have less inflated expectations that are more similar to ethnic majority students. Additionally, the moderating effect that tracking can have on the influence of parental aspirations on immigrant students’ educational expectations should mitigate the beneficial effect of immigrant parents’ selectivity in highly versus lowly tracked countries. Findings based on two waves of the CILS4EU data reveal that second-generation immigrant students have higher educational expectations than ethnic majority students in all countries except Germany. No significant differences are found relating to parents’ educational selectivity. The results support the assumption that stronger track signals in countries with a higher degree of tracking lead to higher responsiveness to school ability among second-generation immigrant students. No support is found for a reduced influence of parental aspirations on the immigrant expectation gap in countries with a higher tracking degree. This study contributes to research on immigrant expectation gaps by highlighting the specific mechanisms through which tracking influences operate.

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ISO 690POMIANOWICZ, Katja, 2024. Educational Expectation Gaps Between Second-Generation Immigrant and Ethnic Majority Students in a Comparative Perspective : The Moderating Role of Educational Tracking. In: International Migration Review. Sage. 2024, 58(2), pp. 644-679. ISSN 0197-9183. eISSN 1747-7379. Available under: doi: 10.1177/01979183221149917
BibTex
@article{Pomianowicz2024-06Educa-66459,
  year={2024},
  doi={10.1177/01979183221149917},
  title={Educational Expectation Gaps Between Second-Generation Immigrant and Ethnic Majority Students in a Comparative Perspective : The Moderating Role of Educational Tracking},
  number={2},
  volume={58},
  issn={0197-9183},
  journal={International Migration Review},
  pages={644--679},
  author={Pomianowicz, Katja}
}
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