The defensive response of the honeybee Apis mellifera

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2016
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Reinhard, Judith
Giurfa, Martin
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Honeybees (Apis mellifera) are insects living in colonies with a complex social organization. Their nest contains food stores in the form of honey and pollen, as well as the brood, the queen and the bees themselves. These resources have to be defended against a wide range of predators and parasites, a task that is performed by specialized workers, called guard bees. Guards tune their response to both the nature of the threat and the environmental conditions, in order to achieve an efficient trade-off between defence and loss of foraging workforce. By releasing alarm pheromones, they are able to recruit other bees to help them handle large predators. These chemicals trigger both rapid and longer-term changes in the behaviour of nearby bees, thus priming them for defence. Here, we review our current understanding on how this sequence of events is performed and regulated depending on a variety of factors that are both extrinsic and intrinsic to the colony. We present our current knowledge on the neural bases of honeybee aggression and highlight research avenues for future studies in this area. We present a brief overview of the techniques used to study honeybee aggression, and discuss how these could be used to gain further insights into the mechanisms of this behaviour.

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570 Biowissenschaften, Biologie
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Honeybee, Defence, Aggression, Alarm pheromones, Neurobiology
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ISO 690NOUVIAN, Morgane, Judith REINHARD, Martin GIURFA, 2016. The defensive response of the honeybee Apis mellifera. In: The Journal of Experimental Biology. 2016, 219(22), pp. 3505-3517. ISSN 0022-0949. eISSN 1477-9145. Available under: doi: 10.1242/jeb.143016
BibTex
@article{Nouvian2016defen-46244,
  year={2016},
  doi={10.1242/jeb.143016},
  title={The defensive response of the honeybee Apis mellifera},
  number={22},
  volume={219},
  issn={0022-0949},
  journal={The Journal of Experimental Biology},
  pages={3505--3517},
  author={Nouvian, Morgane and Reinhard, Judith and Giurfa, Martin}
}
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