Improving pore-filling in TiO2 nanorods and nanotubes scaffolds for perovskite solar cells via methylamine gas healing

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2018
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Solar Energy. 2018, 170, pp. 541-548. ISSN 0038-092X. eISSN 1471-1257. Available under: doi: 10.1016/j.solener.2018.05.092
Zusammenfassung

High performance in perovskite solar cells is often achieved using compact metal oxide layers or their mesoporous analogues. One dimensional scaffold materials such as nanorods or nanotubes are also employed in order to improve charge collection, however, perovskite pore-filling in these nanostructures is rather low. Herein, we introduce a method to more efficiently fill the pores in two most common nanostructure architectures namely, TiO2 nanorods and nanotubes. The method employs recrystallization of perovskite films in a methylamine rich environment– the so called perovskite healing. Whereas the scanning electron microscopy imaging revealed an improved pore-filling and formation of large perovskite grains upon healing, the complementary photoluminescence and electrical characterizations revealed improved charge transfer in the healed films than their pristine rivals. We also report a notable improvement in photoconversion efficiency and a better stability under continuous light soaking in the healed perovskite films.

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530 Physik
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Stability of perovskite solar cells, One dimensional scaffolds, Charge transport, Surface defects in TiO2 nanorods, Hydrothermal synthesis of TiO2 nanorods
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ISO 690NAWAZ, Asmat, Ka Kan WONG, Carola EBENHOCH, Eugen ZIMMERMANN, Zhaoke ZHENG, Muhammad Nadeem AKRAM, Julian KALB, Kaiying WANG, Azhar FAKHARUDDIN, Lukas SCHMIDT-MENDE, 2018. Improving pore-filling in TiO2 nanorods and nanotubes scaffolds for perovskite solar cells via methylamine gas healing. In: Solar Energy. 2018, 170, pp. 541-548. ISSN 0038-092X. eISSN 1471-1257. Available under: doi: 10.1016/j.solener.2018.05.092
BibTex
@article{Nawaz2018-08Impro-42768,
  year={2018},
  doi={10.1016/j.solener.2018.05.092},
  title={Improving pore-filling in TiO<sub>2</sub>  nanorods and nanotubes scaffolds for perovskite solar cells via methylamine gas healing},
  volume={170},
  issn={0038-092X},
  journal={Solar Energy},
  pages={541--548},
  author={Nawaz, Asmat and Wong, Ka Kan and Ebenhoch, Carola and Zimmermann, Eugen and Zheng, Zhaoke and Akram, Muhammad Nadeem and Kalb, Julian and Wang, Kaiying and Fakharuddin, Azhar and Schmidt-Mende, Lukas}
}
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