Practitioner Review : Assessment and treatment of body dysmorphic disorder in young people

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Datum
2024
Autor:innen
Krebs, Georgina
Rautio, Daniel
Fernández de la Cruz, Lorena
Jassi, Amita
Martin, Alexandra
Stringaris, Argyris
Mataix‐Cols, David
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Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. Wiley. ISSN 0021-9630. eISSN 1469-7610. Available under: doi: 10.1111/jcpp.13984
Zusammenfassung

Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is a relatively common and highly impairing mental disorder that is strikingly underdiagnosed and undertreated in Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS). The only clinical guidelines for the management of BDD in youth were published nearly 20 years ago, when empirical knowledge was sparse. Fortunately, there has been a surge in research into BDD over the last 10 years, shedding important insights into the phenomenology, epidemiology, assessment and treatment of the disorder in young people. This review aimed to provide an overview of recent research developments of relevance to clinicians and healthcare policymakers. We summarise key findings regarding the epidemiology of BDD in youth, which indicate that the disorder usually develops during teenage years and affects approximately 2% of adolescents at any one point in time. We provide an overview of aetiological research, highlighting that BDD arises from an interplay between genetic and environmental influences. We then focus on screening and assessment strategies, arguing that these are crucial to promote detection and diagnosis of this under-recognised condition. Additionally, we summarise the recommended treatment approaches for BDD in youth, namely cognitive behaviour therapy with or without selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. The review concludes by highlighting key knowledge gaps and priorities for future research including, but not limited to, better understanding aetiological factors, long-term consequences and treatment.

Zusammenfassung in einer weiteren Sprache
Fachgebiet (DDC)
150 Psychologie
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Body dysmorphic disorder, children, adolescents, assessment, treatment, cognitive behaviour therapy
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ISO 690KREBS, Georgina, Daniel RAUTIO, Lorena FERNÁNDEZ DE LA CRUZ, Andrea S. HARTMANN, Amita JASSI, Alexandra MARTIN, Argyris STRINGARIS, David MATAIX‐COLS, 2024. Practitioner Review : Assessment and treatment of body dysmorphic disorder in young people. In: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. Wiley. ISSN 0021-9630. eISSN 1469-7610. Available under: doi: 10.1111/jcpp.13984
BibTex
@article{Krebs2024Pract-69969,
  year={2024},
  doi={10.1111/jcpp.13984},
  title={Practitioner Review : Assessment and treatment of body dysmorphic disorder in young people},
  issn={0021-9630},
  journal={Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry},
  author={Krebs, Georgina and Rautio, Daniel and Fernández de la Cruz, Lorena and Hartmann, Andrea S. and Jassi, Amita and Martin, Alexandra and Stringaris, Argyris and Mataix‐Cols, David}
}
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