The Morphology of Case and Possession in Balkar : Evidence that Oblique Cases Contain Accusative

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Languages. MDPI. 2023, 8(1), 50. eISSN 2226-471X. Available under: doi: 10.3390/languages8010050
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This paper uses facts about case allomorphy and possessive morphology in Balkar, a Turkic language spoken in southern Russia, to contribute to the examination of the internal structure of case. A number of recent findings in morpho-syntactic research indicate that case markers have a richer internal structure than their surface appearance typically suggests. Specifically, many works in this vein argue based on cross-linguistic facts about phenomena such as suppletion and syncretism that case features are organized into an implicational containment hierarchy. In this hierarchy, accusative case contains the features of the nominative, and the accusative is itself a sub-part of oblique cases. Many arguments for case containment have relied on diagnostics that are less direct than surface-level morpho-syntactic analysis. In this paper, I argue that there is a part of Balkar grammar that shows the containment of accusative case by obliques in a surface-evident way. While such containment is not normally evident in Balkar, I argue that in certain possessed oblique NPs we see an overt expression of the accusative, except when phonological factors interfere. I go on to discuss other related topics about Balkar and the case containment hypothesis more generally.

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400 Sprachwissenschaft, Linguistik
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syntax, morphology, case, case containment, allomorphy, Turkic, Balkar
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ISO 690DAVIS, Colin P., 2023. The Morphology of Case and Possession in Balkar : Evidence that Oblique Cases Contain Accusative. In: Languages. MDPI. 2023, 8(1), 50. eISSN 2226-471X. Available under: doi: 10.3390/languages8010050
BibTex
@article{Davis2023Morph-66315,
  year={2023},
  doi={10.3390/languages8010050},
  title={The Morphology of Case and Possession in Balkar : Evidence that Oblique Cases Contain Accusative},
  number={1},
  volume={8},
  journal={Languages},
  author={Davis, Colin P.},
  note={Article Number: 50}
}
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