Does initial behavior predict our physical fitness and health 18 years later?

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2014
Autor:innen
Lämmle, Lena
Tittlbach, Susanne
Bös, Klaus
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Psychology of Sport and Exercise. 2014, 15(1), pp. 81-88. ISSN 1469-0292. eISSN 1878-5476. Available under: doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2013.09.010
Zusammenfassung

Objectives
The aim of the present paper was, first, to analyze a four level biopsychosocial model to examine the interaction of various initial health behaviors and, second, their consequences with respect to the course of physical fitness (PF) and health of adults over the course of 18 years.

Design
Longitudinal study based on medical examinations and self-ratings.

Method
Path analysis along with latent growth curve analysis was based on the German study about the relationship of physical activity, fitness and health (1992–2010). Data were collected from 495 adults (243 women) with an average age of 45.03 years in 1992 (SD = 7.45). Participants were randomly selected from the official registers of local residents' registration offices in the community of Bad Schönborn.

Results
For the mean PF and health levels in 1992, direct and indirect influences were shown on four levels including socioeconomic status and immigration on the first level, outcome expectations and stress coping strategies on the second level as well as eating patterns and physical activity on the third level; furthermore, the course of PF and the course of health (from 1992 until 2010) were affected by the initial behaviors (physical activity and eating patterns in 1992); finally PF and health were not related

Conclusions
Influences on four levels provided evidence for the complexity of PF and health (outcome level). Initial behaviors predicted current PF and health status, as well as their course. Thus, preventive measures should ensure that healthy behaviors are adopted early in adulthood.

Zusammenfassung in einer weiteren Sprache
Fachgebiet (DDC)
796 Sport
Schlagwörter
Biopsychosocial approach, Health behavior, Course of physical fitness, Course of health
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Zitieren
ISO 690LÄMMLE, Lena, Darko JEKAUC, Alexander WOLL, Susanne TITTLBACH, Klaus BÖS, 2014. Does initial behavior predict our physical fitness and health 18 years later?. In: Psychology of Sport and Exercise. 2014, 15(1), pp. 81-88. ISSN 1469-0292. eISSN 1878-5476. Available under: doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2013.09.010
BibTex
@article{Lammle2014initi-30418,
  year={2014},
  doi={10.1016/j.psychsport.2013.09.010},
  title={Does initial behavior predict our physical fitness and health 18 years later?},
  number={1},
  volume={15},
  issn={1469-0292},
  journal={Psychology of Sport and Exercise},
  pages={81--88},
  author={Lämmle, Lena and Jekauc, Darko and Woll, Alexander and Tittlbach, Susanne and Bös, Klaus}
}
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