Present and historical climate variability in South West England

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2014
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Harrison, Stephan
Anderson, Karen
Kavcic, Iva
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Climatic Change. 2014, 124(1-2), pp. 221-237. ISSN 0165-0009. eISSN 1573-1480. Available under: doi: 10.1007/s10584-014-1101-8
Zusammenfassung

West Cornwall is the most south westerly part of mainland United Kingdom with a strong maritime climate. This paper analyses the earliest archived instrumental meteorological records collected in West Cornwall (SW England). Observations were obtained from the Met Office archive (Camborne 1957–2010; Culdrose 1985–2011), Trengwainton Garden (1940–2010), and from the Royal Cornwall Polytechnic Society, (data for Falmouth (1880–1952) and Helston (1843–1888)). Homogeneity tests were used (Levene and Brown-Forsythe tests) to exclude any trends not related to climate variability. The data exhibit trends in annual mean and maximum temperatures over the timescales analysed, and show a general temperature increase in the 20th and 21st century. Annual and seasonal temperature change was found to vary locally with strongly positive trends in autumn, spring and summer seasons. Trends in precipitation are positive only for the 19th century and only for one station. Correlation with the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) index gives negative results for precipitation data. However correlation with the NAO index is positive with temperature, especially in the winter season. Return period analysis shows a decrease in intensity and frequency of extreme precipitation events in the post-1975 period (Camborne and Trengwainton Garden stations). Climate change in the 20th century and future continued warming is likely to have major implications on biodiversity in this region.

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150 Psychologie
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Negative Trend, North Atlantic Oscilation, North Atlantic Oscilation Index, Extreme Precipitation Event, Instrumental Data
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ISO 690KOSANIC, Aleksandra, Stephan HARRISON, Karen ANDERSON, Iva KAVCIC, 2014. Present and historical climate variability in South West England. In: Climatic Change. 2014, 124(1-2), pp. 221-237. ISSN 0165-0009. eISSN 1573-1480. Available under: doi: 10.1007/s10584-014-1101-8
BibTex
@article{Kosanic2014-05Prese-46115,
  year={2014},
  doi={10.1007/s10584-014-1101-8},
  title={Present and historical climate variability in South West England},
  number={1-2},
  volume={124},
  issn={0165-0009},
  journal={Climatic Change},
  pages={221--237},
  author={Kosanic, Aleksandra and Harrison, Stephan and Anderson, Karen and Kavcic, Iva}
}
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