Does competent bilingualism entail advantages for the third language learning of immigrant students?

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2018
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Kempert, Sebastian
Schotte, Kristin
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Learning and Instruction. 2018, 58, pp. 232-244. ISSN 0959-4752. eISSN 1873-3263. Available under: doi: 10.1016/j.learninstruc.2018.07.002
Zusammenfassung

This study examined the role of immigrant bilingualism in third language learning (L3 = English). It focused on the respective effects of students' competence in the minority language (L1 = Turkish or Russian) and language of instruction (L2 = German). We analyzed a sample of 8752 German 10th-grade students (N = 7964 monolinguals, N = 436 Turkish-German students, N = 352 Russian-German students) and drew on standardized tests in L1, L2, and L3. OLS-regression models showed L3 advantages for balanced bilinguals at a high level in both language groups compared to their average monolingual peers when third variables were controlled, while advantages in the L2 dominant bilinguals could only be observed in the Russian-German sample. Balanced bilinguals at a low level and L1 dominants attained lower L3 levels than monolinguals. However, comparisons with comparably high proficient monolinguals, as well as further analyses with the bilingual samples separately, revealed that only L2 competence – and not L1 competence – explained immigrant students' L3 proficiency. Our findings indicate that the advantages of immigrant bilinguals in L3 learning mainly depend on their competence in the language of instruction.

Zusammenfassung in einer weiteren Sprache
Fachgebiet (DDC)
370 Erziehung, Schul- und Bildungswesen
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Bilingualism, Immigrant students, L3, Third language learning, Metalinguistic awareness
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ISO 690EDELE, Aileen, Sebastian KEMPERT, Kristin SCHOTTE, 2018. Does competent bilingualism entail advantages for the third language learning of immigrant students?. In: Learning and Instruction. 2018, 58, pp. 232-244. ISSN 0959-4752. eISSN 1873-3263. Available under: doi: 10.1016/j.learninstruc.2018.07.002
BibTex
@article{Edele2018-12compe-45356,
  year={2018},
  doi={10.1016/j.learninstruc.2018.07.002},
  title={Does competent bilingualism entail advantages for the third language learning of immigrant students?},
  volume={58},
  issn={0959-4752},
  journal={Learning and Instruction},
  pages={232--244},
  author={Edele, Aileen and Kempert, Sebastian and Schotte, Kristin}
}
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