Lake Metabolism : Comparison of Lake Metabolic Rates Estimated from a Diel CO2- and the Common Diel O2-Technique

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PLoS ONE. 2016, 11(12), e0168393. eISSN 1932-6203. Available under: doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0168393
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Lake metabolism is a key factor for the understanding of turnover of energy and of organic and inorganic matter in lake ecosystems. Long-term time series on metabolic rates are commonly estimated from diel changes in dissolved oxygen. Here we present long-term data on metabolic rates based on diel changes in total dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) utilizing an open-water diel CO2-technique. Metabolic rates estimated with this technique and the traditional diel O2-technique agree well in alkaline Lake Illmensee (pH of ~8.5), although the diel changes in molar CO2 concentrations are much smaller than those of the molar O2 concentrations. The open-water diel CO2- and diel O2-techniques provide independent measures of lake metabolic rates that differ in their sensitivity to transport processes. Hence, the combination of both techniques can help to constrain uncertainties arising from assumptions on vertical fluxes due to gas exchange and turbulent diffusion. This is particularly important for estimates of lake respiration rates because these are much more sensitive to assumptions on gradients in vertical fluxes of O2 or DIC than estimates of lake gross primary production. Our data suggest that it can be advantageous to estimate respiration rates assuming negligible gradients in vertical fluxes rather than including gas exchange with the atmosphere but neglecting vertical mixing in the water column. During two months in summer the average lake net production was close to zero suggesting at most slightly autotrophic conditions. However, the lake emitted O2 and CO2 during the entire time period suggesting that O2 and CO2 emissions from lakes can be decoupled from the metabolism in the near surface layer.

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ISO 690PEETERS, Frank, Dariia ATAMANCHUK, Anders TENGBERG, Jorge ENCINAS FERNÁNDEZ, Hilmar HOFMANN, 2016. Lake Metabolism : Comparison of Lake Metabolic Rates Estimated from a Diel CO2- and the Common Diel O2-Technique. In: PLoS ONE. 2016, 11(12), e0168393. eISSN 1932-6203. Available under: doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0168393
BibTex
@article{Peeters2016Metab-38116,
  year={2016},
  doi={10.1371/journal.pone.0168393},
  title={Lake Metabolism : Comparison of Lake Metabolic Rates Estimated from a Diel CO2- and the Common Diel O2-Technique},
  number={12},
  volume={11},
  journal={PLoS ONE},
  author={Peeters, Frank and Atamanchuk, Dariia and Tengberg, Anders and Encinas Fernández, Jorge and Hofmann, Hilmar},
  note={Article Number: e0168393}
}
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