Trait Versus State : Effects of Dispositional and Situational Compensatory Health Beliefs on High-Calorie Snack Consumption

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Zusammenfassung

Compensatory health beliefs (CHBs)–beliefs that an unhealthy behavior can be compensated for by a healthy behavior–can be distinguished into trait and state beliefs. Trait CHBs are stable individual differences, whereas state CHBs are activated in a tempting situation–for example, when faced with an attractive snack. The aim of this study was to test whether diet-specific trait or state CHBs are predictive for an unhealthy behavior–namely, high-calorie snack consumption. A scenario was created in which 66 women aged 16 to 50 were faced with a high-calorie snack. Diet-specific trait and state CHBs correlated moderately with each other. Regression analyses revealed that diet-specific trait CHBs with exercise as the compensatory behavior were significantly predictive for high-calorie snack consumption, over and above control variables such as age, whereas state CHBs were only marginally significant. Diet-specific trait and state CHBs with reduced intake (eat less later) as the compensatory behavior were not related to high-calorie snack consumption. Results showed that trait CHBs are relevant for the prediction of high-calorie snack consumption. Future studies might want to further refine the measurement of CHBs, especially state CHBs.

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150 Psychologie
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compensatory health beliefs, high-calorie snack consumption, state, trait, compensation, personality, individual differences, situation-specific CHBs, diet-specific CHBs, exercise, reduced intake
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ISO 690RADTKE, Theda, Jennifer INAUEN, Laura RENNIE, Sheina ORBELL, Urte SCHOLZ, 2014. Trait Versus State : Effects of Dispositional and Situational Compensatory Health Beliefs on High-Calorie Snack Consumption. In: Zeitschrift für Gesundheitspsychologie. 2014, 22(4), pp. 156-164. ISSN 0943-8149. eISSN 2190-6289. Available under: doi: 10.1026/0943-8149/a000125
BibTex
@article{Radtke2014Trait-30130,
  year={2014},
  doi={10.1026/0943-8149/a000125},
  title={Trait Versus State : Effects of Dispositional and Situational Compensatory Health Beliefs on High-Calorie Snack Consumption},
  number={4},
  volume={22},
  issn={0943-8149},
  journal={Zeitschrift für Gesundheitspsychologie},
  pages={156--164},
  author={Radtke, Theda and Inauen, Jennifer and Rennie, Laura and Orbell, Sheina and Scholz, Urte}
}
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