Domain wall mobility in nanowires : Transverse versus vortex walls

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2004
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Wieser, Robert
Usadel, Klaus-Dieter
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Physical Review. 2004, 69(6), 64401. ISSN 0163-1829. eISSN 1095-3795. Available under: doi: 10.1103/PhysRevB.69.064401
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The motion of domain walls in ferromagnetic, cylindrical nanowires is investigated numerically by solving the Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert equation for a classical spin model in which energy contributions from exchange, crystalline anisotropy, dipole-dipole interaction, and a driving magnetic field are considered. Depending on the diameter, either transverse domain walls or vortex walls are found. The transverse domain wall is observed for diameters smaller than the exchange length of the given material. Here, the system behaves effectively one dimensional and the domain wall mobility agrees with a result derived for a one-dimensional wall by Slonczewski. For low damping the domain wall mobility decreases with decreasing damping constant. With increasing diameter, a crossover to a vortex wall sets in which enhances the domain wall mobility drastically. For a vortex wall the domain wall mobility is described by the Walker formula, with a domain wall width depending on the diameter of the wire. The main difference is the dependence on damping: for a vortex wall the domain wall mobility can be drastically increased for small values of the damping constant up to a factor of 1/α².

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ISO 690WIESER, Robert, Ulrich NOWAK, Klaus-Dieter USADEL, 2004. Domain wall mobility in nanowires : Transverse versus vortex walls. In: Physical Review. 2004, 69(6), 64401. ISSN 0163-1829. eISSN 1095-3795. Available under: doi: 10.1103/PhysRevB.69.064401
BibTex
@article{Wieser2004Domai-9366,
  year={2004},
  doi={10.1103/PhysRevB.69.064401},
  title={Domain wall mobility in nanowires : Transverse versus vortex walls},
  number={6},
  volume={69},
  issn={0163-1829},
  journal={Physical Review},
  author={Wieser, Robert and Nowak, Ulrich and Usadel, Klaus-Dieter},
  note={Article Number: 64401}
}
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