Quantitative Semantic Variation in the Contexts of Concrete and Abstract Words

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2018
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Naumann, Daniela
Schulte im Walde, Sabine
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NISSIM, Malvina, ed., Jonathan BERANT, ed., Alessandro LENCI, ed.. Lexical and Computational Semantics (*SEM 2018) : Proceedings of the 7th Conference. Stroudsburg PA, USA: ACL, 2018, pp. 76-85. ISBN 978-1-948087-22-3. Available under: doi: 10.18653/v1/S18-2008
Zusammenfassung

Across disciplines, researchers are eager to gain insight into empirical features of abstract vs. concrete concepts. In this work, we provide a detailed characterisation of the distributional nature of abstract and concrete words across 16,620 English nouns, verbs and adjectives. Specifically, we investigate the following questions: (1) What is the distribution of concreteness in the contexts of concrete and abstract target words? (2) What are the differences between concrete and abstract words in terms of contextual semantic diversity? (3) How does the entropy of concrete and abstract word contexts differ? Overall, our studies show consistent differences in the distributional representation of concrete and abstract words, thus challenging existing theories of cognition and providing a more fine-grained description of their nature.

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400 Sprachwissenschaft, Linguistik
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Seventh Joint Conference on Lexical and Computational Semantics (SEM 2018), 5. Juni 2018 - 6. Juni 2018, New Orleans, LA
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ISO 690NAUMANN, Daniela, Diego FRASSINELLI, Sabine SCHULTE IM WALDE, 2018. Quantitative Semantic Variation in the Contexts of Concrete and Abstract Words. Seventh Joint Conference on Lexical and Computational Semantics (SEM 2018). New Orleans, LA, 5. Juni 2018 - 6. Juni 2018. In: NISSIM, Malvina, ed., Jonathan BERANT, ed., Alessandro LENCI, ed.. Lexical and Computational Semantics (*SEM 2018) : Proceedings of the 7th Conference. Stroudsburg PA, USA: ACL, 2018, pp. 76-85. ISBN 978-1-948087-22-3. Available under: doi: 10.18653/v1/S18-2008
BibTex
@inproceedings{Naumann2018Quant-59701,
  year={2018},
  doi={10.18653/v1/S18-2008},
  title={Quantitative Semantic Variation in the Contexts of Concrete and Abstract Words},
  isbn={978-1-948087-22-3},
  publisher={ACL},
  address={Stroudsburg PA, USA},
  booktitle={Lexical and Computational Semantics (*SEM 2018) : Proceedings of the 7th Conference},
  pages={76--85},
  editor={Nissim, Malvina and Berant, Jonathan and Lenci, Alessandro},
  author={Naumann, Daniela and Frassinelli, Diego and Schulte im Walde, Sabine}
}
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