Improving Cross-Border Compliance by Applying Foreign Public Law in State-As-Party Cases

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In both common and civil law countries, the so-called “public law taboo” prohibits the applicability of foreign public law in cases where a foreign state is a party whenever this involves an exercise or assertion of a prerogative state-right. The central assumption of this view is the belief that the application of foreign public law in domestic courts must be understood as an exercise of foreign state power, which is believed to undermine the domestic state’s sovereignty. Hemler rejects this view by focusing on the doctrinal consequences of applying foreign law. Following the principle of autonomy, according to which the Conflict of Laws is a national matter, Hemler argues that the foreign state’s sovereign directive of applicability (“imperative element”) is always ignored whenever the domestic state applies foreign law. Hemler continues to reject several other popular counter-arguments against the applicability of foreign public law and explains why, nevertheless, the application of foreign public law will remain a comparably rare occurrence. Hemler finishes with a study of two cases in the fields of tax and criminal law, proposing the application of foreign public law as an alternative to legal assistance and recognition of foreign judgements to improve cross-border accountability of private individuals and multinational corporations.

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1st Postgraduate Law Conference of the Centre for Private International Law, 17. Nov. 2021, Aberdeen
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ISO 690HEMLER, Adrian, 2021. Improving Cross-Border Compliance by Applying Foreign Public Law in State-As-Party Cases. 1st Postgraduate Law Conference of the Centre for Private International Law. Aberdeen, 17. Nov. 2021
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