A single item measure of self-control : Validation and location in a nomological network of self-control, boredom, and if-then planning

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2022
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Englert, Chris
Bertrams, Alex
Martarelli, Corinna S.
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Social Psychological Bulletin. Leibniz Institute for Psychology (ZPID). 2022, 17, e7453. eISSN 2569-653X. Available under: doi: 10.32872/spb.7453
Zusammenfassung

Self-control is a highly adaptive human capacity and research on self-control is booming. To further facilitate self-control research, especially in conditions where time-constraints might render the use of multi-item measures of self-control problematic, a validated time-efficient single item measure would be an asset. However, such a measure has not yet been developed and tested. Here, we address this gap by reporting the psychometric properties of a single item measure of self-control and by assessing its localization within a larger theorized psychometric network consisting of self-control, boredom and if-then planning. In a high-powered (N = 1553) study with paid online workers from the US (gender: 47.3% female, 51.7% male, 1% other; age: 40.36 ± 12.65 years), we found evidence for the convergent validity (Brief Self-Control Scale), divergent validity (Short Boredom Proneness Scale and If-Then Planning Scale), and criterion validity (objective and subjective socio-economic status) of the single item measure of self-control (“How much self-control do you have?”). Network psychometrics further revealed that the single item was part of the self-control subnetwork and clearly distinguishable from boredom and if-then planning, which together with self-control form a larger psychometric network of psychological dispositions that are relevant for orienting goal directed behavior. Thus, the present findings indicate that self-control can be adequately captured with the single item measure presented here, thereby extending the methodological toolbox of self-control researchers by a highly-time efficient measure.

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796 Sport
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self-control, boredom, if-then planning, psychometric networks, validation
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ISO 690WOLFF, Wanja, Maik BIELEKE, Chris ENGLERT, Alex BERTRAMS, Julia SCHÜLER, Corinna S. MARTARELLI, 2022. A single item measure of self-control : Validation and location in a nomological network of self-control, boredom, and if-then planning. In: Social Psychological Bulletin. Leibniz Institute for Psychology (ZPID). 2022, 17, e7453. eISSN 2569-653X. Available under: doi: 10.32872/spb.7453
BibTex
@article{Wolff2022singl-58158,
  year={2022},
  doi={10.32872/spb.7453},
  title={A single item measure of self-control : Validation and location in a nomological network of self-control, boredom, and if-then planning},
  volume={17},
  journal={Social Psychological Bulletin},
  author={Wolff, Wanja and Bieleke, Maik and Englert, Chris and Bertrams, Alex and Schüler, Julia and Martarelli, Corinna S.},
  note={Article Number: e7453}
}
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