Trajectories of emigrant quasi-citizenship: a comparative study of Mexico and Turkey

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In two of the busiest migration corridors of the twentieth century, namely Mexico-US and Turkey-Germany, migrants can today be dual citizens. However, the acceptance of dual citizenship did not occur automatically; instead, it followed a period of legal statuses short of full citizenship. This paper conceptualises such statuses as quasi-citizenship, a transitional equilibrium between the absence of plural citizenship and the existence of transnational migration. Focusing on sending states, the emergence of emigrant quasi-citizenship is thus explained, first, in terms of whether the reciprocal regimes of emigration and immigration states diverge on the acceptance of plural citizenship. Second, the stance towards plural citizenship is explained in terms of the experience with emigration. It is then shown that, in the case of Mexico, the legacy of undesired emigration weakened the incentives to adapt the territorial conception of citizenship to expatriates, hence creating quasi-citizens, and in the case of Turkey, the higher political relevance of expatriates, who could have the host country citizenship, reinforced the external dimension of the ethno-cultural conception of citizenship.

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320 Politik
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Plural citizenship; Quasi-citizenship; Emigration states; Citizenship constellations; Turkey; Mexico
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ISO 690YASAR, Rusen, 2017. Trajectories of emigrant quasi-citizenship: a comparative study of Mexico and Turkey. In: Comparative migration studies. 2017, 5(1), 18. ISSN 2214-594X. eISSN 2214-594X. Available under: doi: 10.1186/s40878-017-0061-3
BibTex
@article{Yasar2017Traje-42557,
  year={2017},
  doi={10.1186/s40878-017-0061-3},
  title={Trajectories of emigrant quasi-citizenship: a comparative study of Mexico and Turkey},
  number={1},
  volume={5},
  issn={2214-594X},
  journal={Comparative migration studies},
  author={Yasar, Rusen},
  note={Article Number: 18}
}
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