Is shame the missing link between traumatic experiences and post-traumatic stress disorder in Burundian children living on the streets?

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2022
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Bambonye, Manassé
Mugisha, Hervé
Muhoza, Jean-Arnaud
Ndayikengurukiye, Thierry
Nitanga, Lydia
Rushoza, Amini Ahmed
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Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy. Wiley. 2022, 29(4), pp. 1416-1425. ISSN 1063-3995. eISSN 1099-0879. Available under: doi: 10.1002/cpp.2725
Zusammenfassung

Background
Shame is an emotion reflecting an anticipated social devaluation of the self. It is strongly associated with experiences of humiliation and rejection in early life. Individuals suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) often struggle with shame. However, little is known about how shame contributes to the development and maintenance of PTSD symptoms in children. The present study investigated the ways childhood exposure to human-induced traumatic events promotes a coping mechanism of defeat and withdrawal facilitated by the experience of shame. We tested a dose–response relationship between lifetime experienced traumatic event types and PTSD in children using shame as a mediator.

Methods
We conducted semi-structured interviews with 33 male children who lived and worked on the streets of Bujumbura, the capital of Burundi at the time of data collection. We assessed self-reported PTSD symptom severity, lifetime traumatic event load, violence experienced on the streets and shame intensity.

Results
Mediation analyses revealed a significant indirect effect of lifetime traumatic events on PTSD symptom severity through shame intensity and a significant indirect effect of violence experienced on the streets on PTSD symptom severity through shame intensity.

Conclusion
Our study suggests the mediating role of shame between traumatic experiences as well as violent experiences and PTSD symptom severity in children living on the streets. Shame in children suffering from PTSD seems to play a crucial role in the development and maintenance of PTSD symptoms.

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ISO 690RUKUNDO-ZELLER, Anja C., Manassé BAMBONYE, Hervé MUGISHA, Jean-Arnaud MUHOZA, Thierry NDAYIKENGURUKIYE, Lydia NITANGA, Amini Ahmed RUSHOZA, Anselm CROMBACH, 2022. Is shame the missing link between traumatic experiences and post-traumatic stress disorder in Burundian children living on the streets?. In: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy. Wiley. 2022, 29(4), pp. 1416-1425. ISSN 1063-3995. eISSN 1099-0879. Available under: doi: 10.1002/cpp.2725
BibTex
@article{RukundoZeller2022-07shame-56913,
  year={2022},
  doi={10.1002/cpp.2725},
  title={Is shame the missing link between traumatic experiences and post-traumatic stress disorder in Burundian children living on the streets?},
  number={4},
  volume={29},
  issn={1063-3995},
  journal={Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy},
  pages={1416--1425},
  author={Rukundo-Zeller, Anja C. and Bambonye, Manassé and Mugisha, Hervé and Muhoza, Jean-Arnaud and Ndayikengurukiye, Thierry and Nitanga, Lydia and Rushoza, Amini Ahmed and Crombach, Anselm}
}
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