Elites Do Not Deplete : No Effect of Prior Mental Exertion on Subsequent Shooting Performance in Elite Shooters

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2021
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Englert, Chris
Dziuba, Anna
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Frontiers in Psychology. Frontiers Research Foundation. 2021, 12, 668108. eISSN 1664-1078. Available under: doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2021.668108
Zusammenfassung

In order to perform at the highest level, elite shooters have to remain focused during the whole course of a tournament, which regularly lasts multiple hours. Investing self-control over extended time periods is often associated with lower levels of perceived self-control strength (i.e., the subjective estimation of how much mental effort one is capable of investing in a given task) and impaired performance in several sports-related domains. However, previous findings on the effects of prior self-control efforts on shooting performance have been mixed, as elite shooters seem to be less affected by preceding self-control demanding tasks than sub-elite athletes. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of self-control on shooting performance in elite shooters. Hence, we randomly assigned elite shooters to an experimental (n = 12) or a control condition (n = 11) and asked them to perform a series of 40 shots at baseline (T1) and again after a task which either did or did not require self-control (T2). Additionally, we continuously measured the shooters’ level of perceived self-control strength. We assumed that in elite athletes, shooting accuracy as well as the perceived level of self-control strength would not be significantly affected over time from T1 to T2 in both conditions. In line with our assumptions, Bayesian linear mixed effect models revealed that shooting performance remained relatively stable in both conditions over time and the conditions also did not differ significantly in their perceived levels of self-control strength. Contrary to resource-based theories of self-control, these results speak against the idea of a limited self-control resource as previous acts of self-control did not impair subsequent shooting performance in elite athletes.

Zusammenfassung in einer weiteren Sprache
Fachgebiet (DDC)
796 Sport
Schlagwörter
self-control, self-regulation, ego depletion, fatigue, sports, mental effort
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ISO 690ENGLERT, Chris, Anna DZIUBA, Louis-Solal GIBOIN, Wanja WOLFF, 2021. Elites Do Not Deplete : No Effect of Prior Mental Exertion on Subsequent Shooting Performance in Elite Shooters. In: Frontiers in Psychology. Frontiers Research Foundation. 2021, 12, 668108. eISSN 1664-1078. Available under: doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2021.668108
BibTex
@article{Englert2021Elite-54165,
  year={2021},
  doi={10.3389/fpsyg.2021.668108},
  title={Elites Do Not Deplete : No Effect of Prior Mental Exertion on Subsequent Shooting Performance in Elite Shooters},
  volume={12},
  journal={Frontiers in Psychology},
  author={Englert, Chris and Dziuba, Anna and Giboin, Louis-Solal and Wolff, Wanja},
  note={Article Number: 668108}
}
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    <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">In order to perform at the highest level, elite shooters have to remain focused during the whole course of a tournament, which regularly lasts multiple hours. Investing self-control over extended time periods is often associated with lower levels of perceived self-control strength (i.e., the subjective estimation of how much mental effort one is capable of investing in a given task) and impaired performance in several sports-related domains. However, previous findings on the effects of prior self-control efforts on shooting performance have been mixed, as elite shooters seem to be less affected by preceding self-control demanding tasks than sub-elite athletes. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of self-control on shooting performance in elite shooters. Hence, we randomly assigned elite shooters to an experimental (n = 12) or a control condition (n = 11) and asked them to perform a series of 40 shots at baseline (T1) and again after a task which either did or did not require self-control (T2). Additionally, we continuously measured the shooters’ level of perceived self-control strength. We assumed that in elite athletes, shooting accuracy as well as the perceived level of self-control strength would not be significantly affected over time from T1 to T2 in both conditions. In line with our assumptions, Bayesian linear mixed effect models revealed that shooting performance remained relatively stable in both conditions over time and the conditions also did not differ significantly in their perceived levels of self-control strength. Contrary to resource-based theories of self-control, these results speak against the idea of a limited self-control resource as previous acts of self-control did not impair subsequent shooting performance in elite athletes.</dcterms:abstract>
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