What is a Chief without Land? : Impact of Land Reforms on Power Structures in Namibia

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2015
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Regional & Federal Studies. 2015, 25(5), pp. 455-472. ISSN 1359-7566. eISSN 1743-9434. Available under: doi: 10.1080/13597566.2015.1114923
Zusammenfassung

Land is a key element to socio-economic development, peace- and state-building in Africa. It is inherent to local identity and inextricably linked to power. In Namibia, land rights were historically administered and allocated by traditional authorities. However, with the adoption of the 2002 Communal Land Reform Act, these customary land rights were codified. Drawing on qualitative interviews conducted in Namibia with state officials, traditional authorities of the Nama and Ovambo ethnicity, workers and farmers, we show that although it was presented as a decentralization reform, the Act reintroduced the Namibian state as a central actor in land tenure. This has resulted in power struggles between the state and traditional authorities, albeit to varying intensities as some traditional authorities have historically restricted access to communal land and limited political leverage.

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ISO 690BEHR, Daniela M., Roos HAER, Daniela KROMREY, 2015. What is a Chief without Land? : Impact of Land Reforms on Power Structures in Namibia. In: Regional & Federal Studies. 2015, 25(5), pp. 455-472. ISSN 1359-7566. eISSN 1743-9434. Available under: doi: 10.1080/13597566.2015.1114923
BibTex
@article{Behr2015-11-30Chief-33933,
  year={2015},
  doi={10.1080/13597566.2015.1114923},
  title={What is a Chief without Land? : Impact of Land Reforms on Power Structures in Namibia},
  number={5},
  volume={25},
  issn={1359-7566},
  journal={Regional & Federal Studies},
  pages={455--472},
  author={Behr, Daniela M. and Haer, Roos and Kromrey, Daniela}
}
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