Design, structural, and immuno-analytical properties of antigenic bioconjugates comprising a beta-amyloid-plaque specific epitope

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2008
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Hudecz, Ferenc
Mezö, Gábor
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Peptide Science. 2008, 90(2), pp. 94-104. ISSN 0006-3525. eISSN 0006-3525. Available under: doi: 10.1002/bip.20916
Zusammenfassung

Immunotherapeutic approaches are investigated for treatment of neurodegenerative diseases of the Alzheimer's dementia (AD) type. The identification of a β-amyloid-plaque specific epitope, Aβ(4-10) (4FRHDSGY10), recognized by therapeutically active antibodies from transgenic AD mice could provide the basis for the development of AD vaccines. Here we report on the synthesis, structural and immuno-analytical characterization of bioconjugates comprising the β-amyloid(4-10) epitope as new vaccine lead structures against Alzheimer's disease. To produce antigenic bioconjugates, potential immunogens, the epitope peptide elongated by a cysteine residue or a cysteinyl-pentaglycine hexapeptide unit either at the N- or C-terminus was attached via a thioether bond to synthetic oligopeptide carriers, such as oligotuftsin derivatives, sequential oligopeptide carrier, or lysine dendrimer. The antigenic properties of these constructs were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using an anti-Aβ(1-17) monoclonal antibody. Our results indicate that the major factors which influence the antibody binding of the Aβ(4-10) epitope are (i) the epitope topology and (ii) the presence of a spacer moiety between the carrier and the epitope peptide. Interestingly, the carrier type had no marked effect on the binding of the antibody to the epitope-conjugates. The conformational preferences of the conjugates were examined by circular dichroism spectroscopy in water and in trifluoroethanol. In water, the conjugates adopt random coil conformation independently on their primary structure. However, differences related to the attachment site of the epitope to the carriers were determined in TFE, conjugates in which the epitope was attached to the carrier through the N-terminus exhibiting more ordered secondary structure.

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540 Chemie
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beta-amyloid(4-10) epitope peptide, oligopeptide carriers, bioconjugates, thioether linkage approach, antibody recognition
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ISO 690MANEA, Marilena, Michael PRZYBYLSKI, Ferenc HUDECZ, Gábor MEZÖ, 2008. Design, structural, and immuno-analytical properties of antigenic bioconjugates comprising a beta-amyloid-plaque specific epitope. In: Peptide Science. 2008, 90(2), pp. 94-104. ISSN 0006-3525. eISSN 0006-3525. Available under: doi: 10.1002/bip.20916
BibTex
@article{Manea2008Desig-1098,
  year={2008},
  doi={10.1002/bip.20916},
  title={Design, structural, and immuno-analytical properties of antigenic bioconjugates comprising a beta-amyloid-plaque specific epitope},
  number={2},
  volume={90},
  issn={0006-3525},
  journal={Peptide Science},
  pages={94--104},
  author={Manea, Marilena and Przybylski, Michael and Hudecz, Ferenc and Mezö, Gábor}
}
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    <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">Immunotherapeutic approaches are investigated for treatment of neurodegenerative diseases of the Alzheimer's dementia (AD) type. The identification of a β-amyloid-plaque specific epitope, Aβ(4-10) (4FRHDSGY10), recognized by therapeutically active antibodies from transgenic AD mice could provide the basis for the development of AD vaccines. Here we report on the synthesis, structural and immuno-analytical characterization of bioconjugates comprising the β-amyloid(4-10) epitope as new vaccine lead structures against Alzheimer's disease. To produce antigenic bioconjugates, potential immunogens, the epitope peptide elongated by a cysteine residue or a cysteinyl-pentaglycine hexapeptide unit either at the N- or C-terminus was attached via a thioether bond to synthetic oligopeptide carriers, such as oligotuftsin derivatives, sequential oligopeptide carrier, or lysine dendrimer. The antigenic properties of these constructs were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using an anti-Aβ(1-17) monoclonal antibody. Our results indicate that the major factors which influence the antibody binding of the Aβ(4-10) epitope are (i) the epitope topology and (ii) the presence of a spacer moiety between the carrier and the epitope peptide. Interestingly, the carrier type had no marked effect on the binding of the antibody to the epitope-conjugates. The conformational preferences of the conjugates were examined by circular dichroism spectroscopy in water and in trifluoroethanol. In water, the conjugates adopt random coil conformation independently on their primary structure. However, differences related to the attachment site of the epitope to the carriers were determined in TFE, conjugates in which the epitope was attached to the carrier through the N-terminus exhibiting more ordered secondary structure.</dcterms:abstract>
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