Phenotypic Plasticity Changes Correlations of Traits Following Experimental Introductions of Trinidadian Guppies (Poecilia reticulata)

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2014
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Handelsman, Corey A.
Ruell, Emily W.
Ghalambor, Cameron K.
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Colonization of novel environments can alter selective pressures and act as a catalyst for rapid evolution in nature. Theory and empirical studies suggest that the ability of a population to exhibit an adaptive evolutionary response to novel selection pressures should reflect the presence of sufficient additive genetic variance and covariance for individual and correlated traits. As correlated traits should not respond to selection independently, the structure of correlations of traits can bias or constrain adaptive evolution. Models of how multiple correlated traits respond to selection often assume spatial and temporal stability of trait-correlations within populations. Yet, trait-correlations can also be plastic in response to environmental variation. Phenotypic plasticity, the ability of a single genotype to produce different phenotypes across environments, is of particular interest because it can induce population-wide changes in the combination of traits exposed to selection and change the trajectory of evolutionary divergence. We tested the ability of phenotypic plasticity to modify trait-correlations by comparing phenotypic variance and covariance in the body-shapes of four experimental populations of Trinidadian guppies (Poecilia reticulata) to their ancestral population. We found that phenotypic plasticity produced both adaptive and novel aspects of body-shape, which was repeated in all four experimental populations. Further, phenotypic plasticity changed patterns of covariance among morphological characters. These findings suggest our ability to make inferences about patterns of divergence based on correlations of traits in extant populations may be limited if novel environments not only induce plasticity in multiple traits, but also change the correlations among the traits.

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ISO 690HANDELSMAN, Corey A., Emily W. RUELL, Julián TORRES-DOWDALL, Cameron K. GHALAMBOR, 2014. Phenotypic Plasticity Changes Correlations of Traits Following Experimental Introductions of Trinidadian Guppies (Poecilia reticulata). In: Integrative and Comparative Biology. 2014, 54(5), pp. 794-804. ISSN 1540-7063. eISSN 1557-7023. Available under: doi: 10.1093/icb/icu112
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@article{Handelsman2014Pheno-29935,
  year={2014},
  doi={10.1093/icb/icu112},
  title={Phenotypic Plasticity Changes Correlations of Traits Following Experimental Introductions of Trinidadian Guppies (Poecilia reticulata)},
  number={5},
  volume={54},
  issn={1540-7063},
  journal={Integrative and Comparative Biology},
  pages={794--804},
  author={Handelsman, Corey A. and Ruell, Emily W. and Torres-Dowdall, Julián and Ghalambor, Cameron K.}
}
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