Neuronal correlates of social cognition in borderline personality disorder

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2013
Autor:innen
Lis, Stefanie
Esslinger, Christine
Sauer, Carina
Hagenhoff, Meike
Ulferts, Jens
Gallhofer, Bernd
Kirsch, Peter
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Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience. 2013, 8(5), pp. 531-537. ISSN 1749-5016. eISSN 1749-5024. Available under: doi: 10.1093/scan/nss028
Zusammenfassung

Patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) have severe problems in social interactions that might be caused by deficits in social cognition. Since the findings about social-cognitive abilities in BPD are inhomogeneous, ranging from deficits to superior abilities, we aimed to investigate the neuronal basis of social cognition in BPD. We applied a paradigm with three social cognition tasks, differing in their complexity: basal processing of faces with a neutral expression, recognition of emotions, and attribution of emotional intentions (affective ToM). A total of 13 patients with BPD and 13 healthy matched controls (HCs) were included in a functional magnet resonance imaging study. BPD patients showed no deficits in social cognition on the behavioral level. However, while HCs showed increasing activation in areas of the mirror neuron system with increasing complexity in the social-cognitive task, BPD patients had hypoactivation in these areas and hyperactivation in the amygdala which were not modulated by task complexity. This activation pattern seems to reflect an enhanced emotional approach in the processing of social stimuli in BPD that allows good performance in standardized social-cognitive tasks, but might be the basis of social-cognitive deficits in real-life social interactions.

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Fachgebiet (DDC)
150 Psychologie
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borderline personality disorder, social cognition, functional magnetic resonance imaging, mirror neuron system, amygdala
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ISO 690MIER, Daniela, Stefanie LIS, Christine ESSLINGER, Carina SAUER, Meike HAGENHOFF, Jens ULFERTS, Bernd GALLHOFER, Peter KIRSCH, 2013. Neuronal correlates of social cognition in borderline personality disorder. In: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience. 2013, 8(5), pp. 531-537. ISSN 1749-5016. eISSN 1749-5024. Available under: doi: 10.1093/scan/nss028
BibTex
@article{Mier2013-06Neuro-46287,
  year={2013},
  doi={10.1093/scan/nss028},
  title={Neuronal correlates of social cognition in borderline personality disorder},
  number={5},
  volume={8},
  issn={1749-5016},
  journal={Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience},
  pages={531--537},
  author={Mier, Daniela and Lis, Stefanie and Esslinger, Christine and Sauer, Carina and Hagenhoff, Meike and Ulferts, Jens and Gallhofer, Bernd and Kirsch, Peter}
}
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