Florenz : Das Gemeinwesen und das Wort der Dichter

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Italienisch : Zeitschrift für italienische Sprache und Literatur. Narr. 2019(82), pp. 35-54. ISSN 0171-4996. Available under: doi: 10.2357/Ital-2019-0021
Zusammenfassung

This paper discusses the fundamental role attributed to language in the 13th and 14th century, taking as an example the name of the city of Florence. For the chronicler Giovanni Villani, the name of Florence in itself expresses the capacity to find a linguistic consensus. Dante, in his analysis of the conflict between the groups of ghibellini and guelfi, refers to this problem, when he questions trust in language as a guarantor for peace. In this light, the Commedia appears as a project for the stabilisation of the trust in the mediative function of the word, in oppostition to violence. Boccaccio in the introduction to his Decameron takes up this reflection of Dante: he describes the plague as a profound linguistic crisis, set against the narration as a constitutional form of the collectivity of mortals. By the example of an anonymous text in the Sala tribunale dell’Arte della Lana in Florence, finally, the particular knowledge about the poem becomes evident, able to reveal and expose such a use of language that threatens the fundamental basis of a community, just like the rhetoric of corruption does. The conclusion evaluates the three analyses with regard to the civilising functions that are attributed to the volgare in the first Italian poetry in the Cities.

Zusammenfassung in einer weiteren Sprache

Con l’esempio di Firenze, il saggio discute il ruolo che nel Due e Trecento si attribuiva alla lingua come fondamento della comunitá. Per il cronista Giovanni Villani, il toponimo della città di Firenze è espressione della capacità dei suoi abitanti di trovare un consenso linguistico. Dante, nella sua analisi del conflitto fra ghibellini e guelfi, fa leva proprio su quell punto in cui la fiducia nella lingua come garanzia di pace è messa in dubbio. In questa luce, la Commedia figura da progetto di ristabilimento della fiducia nella funzione mediativa della parola in opposizione alle violenza. Nella sua introduzione als Decameron Boccaccio si rifà alla riflessione di Dante: egli descrive la peste come una crisi linguistica profonda, a cui contrappone il raccontare come forma costitutiva della collettività dei mortali. L’esempio di una scritta anonima nella sala tribunale dell’Arte della Lana a Firenze consente infine di evidenziare il sapere specific della poesia, capace di smascherare un uso del linguaggio che minaccia di corrompere la comunità nelle sue basi fondamentali. La conclusione valuta le letture a riguardo della funzione civilizzatrice che in seno alle città viene attribuita al volgare nella poesia italiana delle origini.

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450 Italienisch, Rumänisch, Rätoromanisch
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ISO 690ELLERBROCK, Karl Philipp, 2019. Florenz : Das Gemeinwesen und das Wort der Dichter. In: Italienisch : Zeitschrift für italienische Sprache und Literatur. Narr. 2019(82), pp. 35-54. ISSN 0171-4996. Available under: doi: 10.2357/Ital-2019-0021
BibTex
@article{Ellerbrock2019Flore-58558,
  year={2019},
  doi={10.2357/Ital-2019-0021},
  title={Florenz : Das Gemeinwesen und das Wort der Dichter},
  number={82},
  issn={0171-4996},
  journal={Italienisch : Zeitschrift für italienische Sprache und Literatur},
  pages={35--54},
  author={Ellerbrock, Karl Philipp}
}
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