Transposing Gestalt Phenomena from Visual Fields to Practical and Interactional Work : Garfinkel’s and Sacks’ Social Praxeology

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2022
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Lynch, Michael
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Philosophia Scientae. Éditions Kimé. 2022(26-3), pp. 95-122. ISSN 1281-2463. eISSN 1775-4283. Available under: doi: 10.4000/philosophiascientiae.3619
Zusammenfassung

In lectures and writings in the decades following the publication of Studies in Ethnomethodology [1967], Harold Garfinkel, the founder of ethnomethodology, developed what he called a “misreading” of the phenomenological writings of Aron Gurwitsch, Maurice Merleau-Ponty and others. Garfinkel’s “misreading” included a selective and creative treatment of themes that Gurwitsch drew from Gestalt psychology, such as figure-ground, Gestalt contexture, and the phenomenal field. Rather than identifying these themes with visual perception demonstrated with picture-puzzles (for example, of animals hidden in foliage) and line drawings of reversible figures, Garfinkel used them to demonstrate praxeological and interactional phenomena: organizations of embodied activity that constitute fields of collective action. Phenomenal fields, for Garfinkel, are formed through embodied work performed in concert with the actions of others. Although Harvey Sacks, the founder of Conversation Analysis, did not explicitly mention Gurwitsch, phenomenology or Gestalt psychology in his writings and transcribed lectures, some of his writings on the sequential organization of conversation seem informed, if only indirectly through his relationship with Garfinkel, by Gurwitsch’s treatment of visual and auditory phenomena. Both Garfinkel and Sacks devised innovative ways to transpose Gestalt phenomena from perceptual psychology to social formations.

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300 Sozialwissenschaften, Soziologie
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ISO 690LYNCH, Michael, Clemens EISENMANN, 2022. Transposing Gestalt Phenomena from Visual Fields to Practical and Interactional Work : Garfinkel’s and Sacks’ Social Praxeology. In: Philosophia Scientae. Éditions Kimé. 2022(26-3), pp. 95-122. ISSN 1281-2463. eISSN 1775-4283. Available under: doi: 10.4000/philosophiascientiae.3619
BibTex
@article{Lynch2022-11-03Trans-68603,
  year={2022},
  doi={10.4000/philosophiascientiae.3619},
  title={Transposing Gestalt Phenomena from Visual Fields to Practical and Interactional Work : Garfinkel’s and Sacks’ Social Praxeology},
  number={26-3},
  issn={1281-2463},
  journal={Philosophia Scientae},
  pages={95--122},
  author={Lynch, Michael and Eisenmann, Clemens}
}
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