Physical activity in women : effects of a self-regulation intervention

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2009
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Stadler, Gertraud
Oettingen, Gabriele
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Background: A physically active lifestyle during midlife is critical to the maintenance of high physical functioning. This study tested whether an intervention that combined information with cognitive-behavioral strategies had a better effect on women's physical activity than an inforination-only intervention.
Setting and participants: 256 women aged 30-50 years in a large metropolitan area in Germany.Design: A 4-month longitudinal RCT comparing two brief interventions was conducted between july 2003 and September 2004. Analyses were completed in June 2008.
Intervention: The study compared a health information intervention with an information + self-regulation intervention. All participants received the same information intervention; participants in the information + self-regulation group additionally learned a technique that integrates mental contrasting with implementation intentions.
Main outcome measures: Self-reported minutes of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity per week.
Results: Participants in the information + self-regulation group were twice as physically active (i.e., nearly I hour more per week) as participants in the information group. This difference appeared as early as the first week after intervention and was maintained over the course of the 4 months. Participants in the information group slightly increased their baseline physical activity after intervention.
Conclusions: Women who learned a self-regulation technique during an information session were substantially more active than women who participated in only the information session. The self-regulation technique should be tested further as a tool for increasing the impact of interventions on behavioral change.

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150 Psychologie
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implementation intentions, exercise behavior, planned behavior, energy-expenditure, balance-sheet, decision, diary, attitudes, adults
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ISO 690STADLER, Gertraud, Gabriele OETTINGEN, Peter M. GOLLWITZER, 2009. Physical activity in women : effects of a self-regulation intervention. In: American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2009, 36(1), pp. 29-34. ISSN 0749-3797. eISSN 1873-2607. Available under: doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2008.09.021
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@article{Stadler2009-01Physi-1390,
  year={2009},
  doi={10.1016/j.amepre.2008.09.021},
  title={Physical activity in women : effects of a self-regulation intervention},
  number={1},
  volume={36},
  issn={0749-3797},
  journal={American Journal of Preventive Medicine},
  pages={29--34},
  author={Stadler, Gertraud and Oettingen, Gabriele and Gollwitzer, Peter M.}
}
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