Settembrini's World : German and Italian Anti-Catholicism in the Age of the Culture Wars

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WERNER, Yvonne Maria, ed. and others. European anti-Catholicism in a comparative and transnational perspective. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2013, pp. 43-67. European studies. 31. ISBN 9789401209632. Available under: doi: 10.1163/9789401209632_005
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This article analyses the progressive anti-Catholicism of liberal and democratic forces that was responsible for the outbreak of the culture wars in the nineteenth century. Liberals and democrats connected anti-Catholicism with projects of bourgeois and secular modernity. They wanted to spread bourgeois values such as the belief in freedom, progress and rationality, the separation of public and private spheres, a heterosexual matrix and modern work ethics compatible with industrial capitalism. Moreover, they aimed to secularise modern societies: to privatise religion; to differentiate religion from other spheres of such as politics, science and arts; or to substitute faith with knowledge. I will position this progressive anti-Catholicism within the European context of the culture wars. I will first define these transnational conflicts and the crucial role played by Catholicism, then compare the anti-Catholicism within the culture wars of different confessional and national contexts – Germany and Italy – and finally explore cross-border aspects such as anti-clerical media transfers and scandals, Orientalist constructions of a Catholic ‘Other’, and the appropriation of these anti-Catholic theories of secularisation by social scientists after the culture wars.

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ISO 690BORUTTA, Manuel, 2013. Settembrini's World : German and Italian Anti-Catholicism in the Age of the Culture Wars. In: WERNER, Yvonne Maria, ed. and others. European anti-Catholicism in a comparative and transnational perspective. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2013, pp. 43-67. European studies. 31. ISBN 9789401209632. Available under: doi: 10.1163/9789401209632_005
BibTex
@incollection{Borutta2013-01-01Sette-43536,
  year={2013},
  doi={10.1163/9789401209632_005},
  title={Settembrini's World : German and Italian Anti-Catholicism in the Age of the Culture Wars},
  number={31},
  isbn={9789401209632},
  publisher={Rodopi},
  address={Amsterdam},
  series={European studies},
  booktitle={European anti-Catholicism in a comparative and transnational perspective},
  pages={43--67},
  editor={Werner, Yvonne Maria},
  author={Borutta, Manuel}
}
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