## Children's developing understanding of legitimate reasons for allocating resources unequally

No Thumbnail Available
##### Files
There are no files associated with this item.
2016
##### Authors
Svetlova, Margarita
Johe, Jana
Tomasello, Michael
Journal article
Published
##### Published in
Cognitive Development ; 37 (2016). - pp. 42-52. - Elsevier. - ISSN 0885-2014. - eISSN 1879-226X
##### Abstract
Recent research on distributive justice suggests that young children prefer equal distributions. But sometimes unequal distributions are justified, such as when some individuals deserve more than others based on merit, need, or agreed-upon rules. When and how do children start incorporating such factors in their distributive decisions? Three-, 5-, and 8-year-old children (N = 72) had the opportunity to allocate several items to two individuals. One individual was neutral and the other provided a reason why she should be favored. Three of these reasons were legitimate (based on merit, need, or agreed-upon rules) whereas a fourth was idiosyncratic (“I just want more.”). We found that with age, children's equality preference diminished and their acceptance of various reasons for privileged treatment increased. It was not until 8 years, however, that they differentiated between legitimate and idiosyncratic reasons for inequality. These findings suggest that children's sense of distributive justice develops from an early equality preference to a more flexible understanding of the basic normative reasons that inequality may, in some cases, be just.
150 Psychology
##### Keywords
Distributive justice, Resource allocation, Fairness, Morality, Moral development, Inequality, Reasons
##### Cite This
ISO 690SCHMIDT, Marco F. H., Margarita SVETLOVA, Jana JOHE, Michael TOMASELLO, 2016. Children's developing understanding of legitimate reasons for allocating resources unequally. In: Cognitive Development. Elsevier. 37, pp. 42-52. ISSN 0885-2014. eISSN 1879-226X. Available under: doi: 10.1016/j.cogdev.2015.11.001
BibTex
@article{Schmidt2016Child-54699,
year={2016},
doi={10.1016/j.cogdev.2015.11.001},
title={Children's developing understanding of legitimate reasons for allocating resources unequally},
volume={37},
issn={0885-2014},
journal={Cognitive Development},
pages={42--52},
author={Schmidt, Marco F. H. and Svetlova, Margarita and Johe, Jana and Tomasello, Michael}
}

RDF
<rdf:RDF
xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/"
xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/"
xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#"
xmlns:bibo="http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/"
xmlns:dspace="http://digital-repositories.org/ontologies/dspace/0.1.0#"
xmlns:foaf="http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/"
xmlns:void="http://rdfs.org/ns/void#"
xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#" >
<dc:date rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2021-08-24T11:15:03Z</dc:date>
<dcterms:rights rdf:resource="https://rightsstatements.org/page/InC/1.0/"/>
<void:sparqlEndpoint rdf:resource="http://localhost/fuseki/dspace/sparql"/>
<foaf:homepage rdf:resource="http://localhost:8080/"/>
<dc:contributor>Johe, Jana</dc:contributor>
<dcterms:isPartOf rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/server/rdf/resource/123456789/43"/>
<bibo:uri rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/handle/123456789/54699"/>
<dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">Recent research on distributive justice suggests that young children prefer equal distributions. But sometimes unequal distributions are justified, such as when some individuals deserve more than others based on merit, need, or agreed-upon rules. When and how do children start incorporating such factors in their distributive decisions? Three-, 5-, and 8-year-old children (N = 72) had the opportunity to allocate several items to two individuals. One individual was neutral and the other provided a reason why she should be favored. Three of these reasons were legitimate (based on merit, need, or agreed-upon rules) whereas a fourth was idiosyncratic (“I just want more.”). We found that with age, children's equality preference diminished and their acceptance of various reasons for privileged treatment increased. It was not until 8 years, however, that they differentiated between legitimate and idiosyncratic reasons for inequality. These findings suggest that children's sense of distributive justice develops from an early equality preference to a more flexible understanding of the basic normative reasons that inequality may, in some cases, be just.</dcterms:abstract>
<dc:creator>Johe, Jana</dc:creator>
<dc:contributor>Schmidt, Marco F. H.</dc:contributor>
<dc:language>eng</dc:language>
<dspace:isPartOfCollection rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/server/rdf/resource/123456789/43"/>
<dc:creator>Tomasello, Michael</dc:creator>
<dc:contributor>Tomasello, Michael</dc:contributor>
<dc:creator>Svetlova, Margarita</dc:creator>
<dc:rights>terms-of-use</dc:rights>
<dcterms:available rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2021-08-24T11:15:03Z</dcterms:available>
<dcterms:issued>2016</dcterms:issued>
<dc:contributor>Svetlova, Margarita</dc:contributor>
<dc:creator>Schmidt, Marco F. H.</dc:creator>
<dcterms:title>Children's developing understanding of legitimate reasons for allocating resources unequally</dcterms:title>
</rdf:Description>
</rdf:RDF>

No
Yes