Visually detected NREM Stage 2 sleep spindles in kindergarten children are associated with current and future emotional and behavioural characteristics

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2013
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Mikoteit, Thorsten
Brand, Serge
Beck, Johannes
von Wyl, Agnes
von Klitzing, Kai
Holsboer-Trachsler, Edith
Hatzinger, Martin
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Sleep electroencephalogram spindles are associated with efficient cortical-subcortical connectivity, and intellectual and learning abilities. In the present study, we assessed healthy preschoolers with a twofold aim: (i) to explore associations of non-rapid eye movement S2 spindles with emotional/behavioural characteristics cross-sectionally; and (ii) longitudinally. A total of 43 children who were 5 years old underwent objective sleep electroencephalogram monitoring in their homes. Emotional and behavioural dimensions were assessed by parents and teachers with the Strengths & Difficulties Questionnaire at baseline and at follow-up 1 year later. Non-rapid eye movement S2 spindles were visually scored and compared with Strengths & Difficulties Questionnaire dimensions. High non-rapid eye movement S2 spindle density was associated with less internalizing behaviour, more prosocial behaviour and a low total problem score. In girls, high non-rapid eye movement S2 spindle density was related to low hyperactivity, while in boys it was associated with less internalizing behaviour, more externalizing behaviour and more hyperactivity. Longitudinally, a higher number of non-rapid eye movement S2 spindles at 5 years old predicted fewer peer problems 12 months later. In kindergarten children, high non-rapid eye movement S2 spindle density is associated with observable current and future favourable emotional/behavioural patterns. However, gender differences were also found, as should be taken into account in future studies.

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ISO 690MIKOTEIT, Thorsten, Serge BRAND, Johannes BECK, Sonja PERREN, Agnes VON WYL, Kai VON KLITZING, Edith HOLSBOER-TRACHSLER, Martin HATZINGER, 2013. Visually detected NREM Stage 2 sleep spindles in kindergarten children are associated with current and future emotional and behavioural characteristics. In: Journal of Sleep Research. 2013, 22(2), pp. 129-136. ISSN 0962-1105. eISSN 1365-2869. Available under: doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2869.2012.01058.x
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@article{Mikoteit2013-04Visua-28262,
  year={2013},
  doi={10.1111/j.1365-2869.2012.01058.x},
  title={Visually detected NREM Stage 2 sleep spindles in kindergarten children are associated with current and future emotional and behavioural characteristics},
  number={2},
  volume={22},
  issn={0962-1105},
  journal={Journal of Sleep Research},
  pages={129--136},
  author={Mikoteit, Thorsten and Brand, Serge and Beck, Johannes and Perren, Sonja and von Wyl, Agnes and von Klitzing, Kai and Holsboer-Trachsler, Edith and Hatzinger, Martin}
}
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