Human Gamma Band Activity and Perception of a Gestalt

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Keil_etal_J_Neuroscience1999.pdf
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1999
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Keil, Andreas
Müller, Matthias M.
Ray, William J.
Gruber, Thomas
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Journal of Neuroscience, August. 1999, 19(16), pp. 7152-7161
Zusammenfassung

Neuronal oscillations in the gamma band (above 30 Hz) have been proposed to be a possible mechanism for the visual representation of objects. The present study examined the topography of gamma band spectral power and event-related potentials in human EEG associated with perceptual switching effected by rotating ambiguous (bistable) figures. Eleven healthy human subjects were presented two rotating bistable figures: first, a face figure that allowed perception of a sad or happy face depending on orientation and therefore caused a perceptual switch at defined points in time when rotated, and, second, a modified version of the Rubin vase, allowing perception as a vase or two faces whereby the switch was orientationindependent. Nonrotating figures served as further control stimuli. EEG was recorded using a high-density array with 128 electrodes. We found a negative event-related potential associated with the switching of the sad happy figure, which was most pronounced at central prefrontal sites. Gamma band activity (GBA) was enhanced at occipital electrode sites in the rotating bistable figures compared with the standing stimuli, being maximal at vertical stimulus orientations that allowed an easy recognition of the sad and happy face or the vase faces, respectively. At anterior electrodes, GBA showed a complementary pattern, being maximal when stimuli were oriented horizontally. The findings support the notion that formation of a visual percept may involve oscillations in a distributed neuronal assembly.

Zusammenfassung in einer weiteren Sprache
Fachgebiet (DDC)
150 Psychologie
Schlagwörter
visual perception, gamma band activity, eventrelated potentials, high-density electroencephalography, ambiguous figures
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ISO 690KEIL, Andreas, Matthias M. MÜLLER, William J. RAY, Thomas GRUBER, Thomas ELBERT, 1999. Human Gamma Band Activity and Perception of a Gestalt. In: Journal of Neuroscience, August. 1999, 19(16), pp. 7152-7161
BibTex
@article{Keil1999Human-11207,
  year={1999},
  title={Human Gamma Band Activity and Perception of a Gestalt},
  number={16},
  volume={19},
  journal={Journal of Neuroscience, August},
  pages={7152--7161},
  author={Keil, Andreas and Müller, Matthias M. and Ray, William J. and Gruber, Thomas and Elbert, Thomas}
}
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    <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">Neuronal oscillations in the gamma band (above 30 Hz) have been proposed to be a possible mechanism for the visual representation of objects. The present study examined the topography of gamma band spectral power and event-related potentials in human EEG associated with perceptual switching effected by rotating ambiguous (bistable) figures. Eleven healthy human subjects were presented two rotating bistable figures: first, a face figure that allowed perception of a sad or happy face depending on orientation and therefore caused a perceptual switch at defined points in time when rotated, and, second, a modified version of the Rubin vase, allowing perception as a vase or two faces whereby the switch was orientationindependent. Nonrotating figures served as further control stimuli. EEG was recorded using a high-density array with 128 electrodes. We found a negative event-related potential associated with the switching of the sad happy figure, which was most pronounced at central prefrontal sites. Gamma band activity (GBA) was enhanced at occipital electrode sites in the rotating bistable figures compared with the standing stimuli, being maximal at vertical stimulus orientations that allowed an easy recognition of the sad and happy face or the vase faces, respectively. At anterior electrodes, GBA showed a complementary pattern, being maximal when stimuli were oriented horizontally. The findings support the notion that formation of a visual percept may involve oscillations in a distributed neuronal assembly.</dcterms:abstract>
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