The consumption of Internet child pornography and violent and sex offending

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Endrass_etal_InternetPronogr.pdf
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2009
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Hammermeister, Lea C.
Benz, Christian
Laubacher, Arja
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BMC Psychiatry. 2009, 9(43). Available under: doi: 10.1186/1471-244X-9-43
Zusammenfassung

Background: There is an ongoing debate on whether consumers of child pornography pose a risk for hands-on sex offenses. Up until now, there have been very few studies which have analyzed the association between the consumption of child pornography and the subsequent perpetration of hands-on sex offenses. The aim of this study was to examine the recidivism rates for hands-on and hands-off sex offenses in a sample of child pornography users using a 6 year follow-up design.

Methods: The current study population consisted of 231 men, who were subsequently charged with consumption of illegal pornographic material after being detected by a special operation against Internet child pornography, conducted by the Swiss police in 2002. Criminal history, as well as recidivism, was assessed using the criminal records from 2008.

Results: 4.8% (n = 11) of the study sample had a prior conviction for a sexual and/or violent offense, 1% (n = 2) for a hands-on sex offense, involving child sexual abuse, 3.3% (n = 8) for a handsoff sex offense and one for a nonsexual violent offense. When applying a broad definition of recidivism, which included ongoing investigations, charges and convictions, 3% (n = 7) of the study sample recidivated with a violent and/or sex offense, 3.9% (n = 9) with a hands-off sex offense and 0.8% (n = 2) with a hands-on sex offense.

Conclusion: Consuming child pornography alone is not a risk factor for committing hands-on sex offenses at least not for those subjects who had never committed a hands-on sex offense. The majority of the investigated consumers had no previous convictions for hands-on sex offenses. For those offenders, the prognosis for hands-on sex offenses, as well as for recidivism with child pornography, is favorable.

Zusammenfassung in einer weiteren Sprache
Fachgebiet (DDC)
150 Psychologie
Schlagwörter
Gewalt, Kinderpornographie, Internet, consumption, child pornography, violence, internet
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ISO 690ENDRASS, Jérôme, Frank URBANIOK, Lea C. HAMMERMEISTER, Christian BENZ, Thomas ELBERT, Arja LAUBACHER, Astrid ROSSEGGER, 2009. The consumption of Internet child pornography and violent and sex offending. In: BMC Psychiatry. 2009, 9(43). Available under: doi: 10.1186/1471-244X-9-43
BibTex
@article{Endrass2009consu-10424,
  year={2009},
  doi={10.1186/1471-244X-9-43},
  title={The consumption of Internet child pornography and violent and sex offending},
  number={43},
  volume={9},
  journal={BMC Psychiatry},
  author={Endrass, Jérôme and Urbaniok, Frank and Hammermeister, Lea C. and Benz, Christian and Elbert, Thomas and Laubacher, Arja and Rossegger, Astrid}
}
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    <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">Background: There is an ongoing debate on whether consumers of child pornography pose a risk for hands-on sex offenses. Up until now, there have been very few studies which have analyzed the association between the consumption of child pornography and the subsequent perpetration of hands-on sex offenses. The aim of this study was to examine the recidivism rates for hands-on and hands-off sex offenses in a sample of child pornography users using a 6 year follow-up design.&lt;br /&gt;&lt;br /&gt;Methods: The current study population consisted of 231 men, who were subsequently charged with consumption of illegal pornographic material after being detected by a special operation against Internet child pornography, conducted by the Swiss police in 2002. Criminal history, as well as recidivism, was assessed using the criminal records from 2008.&lt;br /&gt;&lt;br /&gt;Results: 4.8% (n = 11) of the study sample had a prior conviction for a sexual and/or violent offense, 1% (n = 2) for a hands-on sex offense, involving child sexual abuse, 3.3% (n = 8) for a handsoff sex offense and one for a nonsexual violent offense. When applying a broad definition of recidivism, which included ongoing investigations, charges and convictions, 3% (n = 7) of the study sample recidivated with a violent and/or sex offense, 3.9% (n = 9) with a hands-off sex offense and 0.8% (n = 2) with a hands-on sex offense.&lt;br /&gt;&lt;br /&gt;Conclusion: Consuming child pornography alone is not a risk factor for committing hands-on sex offenses   at least not for those subjects who had never committed a hands-on sex offense. The majority of the investigated consumers had no previous convictions for hands-on sex offenses. For those offenders, the prognosis for hands-on sex offenses, as well as for recidivism with child pornography, is favorable.</dcterms:abstract>
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