The benefit of no choice : goal-directed plans enhance perceptual processing

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Psychological Research. 2015, 79(2), pp. 206-220. ISSN 0340-0727. eISSN 1430-2772. Available under: doi: 10.1007/s00426-014-0549-5
Zusammenfassung

Choosing among different options is costly. Typically, response times are slower if participants can choose between several alternatives (free-choice) compared to when a stimulus determines a single correct response (forced-choice). This performance difference is commonly attributed to additional cognitive processing in free-choice tasks, which require time-consuming decisions between response options. Alternatively, the forced-choice advantage might result from facilitated perceptual processing, a prediction derived from the framework of implementation intentions. This hypothesis was tested in three experiments. Experiments 1 and 2 were PRP experiments and showed the expected underadditive interaction of the SOA manipulation and task type, pointing to a pre-central perceptual origin of the performance difference. Using the additive-factors logic, Experiment 3 further supported this view. We discuss the findings in the light of alternative accounts and offer potential mechanisms underlying performance differences in forced- and free-choice tasks.

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ISO 690JANCZYK, Markus, Michael DAMBACHER, Maik BIELEKE, Peter M. GOLLWITZER, 2015. The benefit of no choice : goal-directed plans enhance perceptual processing. In: Psychological Research. 2015, 79(2), pp. 206-220. ISSN 0340-0727. eISSN 1430-2772. Available under: doi: 10.1007/s00426-014-0549-5
BibTex
@article{Janczyk2015-03benef-27946,
  year={2015},
  doi={10.1007/s00426-014-0549-5},
  title={The benefit of no choice : goal-directed plans enhance perceptual processing},
  number={2},
  volume={79},
  issn={0340-0727},
  journal={Psychological Research},
  pages={206--220},
  author={Janczyk, Markus and Dambacher, Michael and Bieleke, Maik and Gollwitzer, Peter M.}
}
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