Tunneling spectroscopy on semiconductors with a low surface state density

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1997
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Sommerhalter, Christof
Matthes, Thomas W.
Lux-Steiner, Martha Christina
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Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology / B. 1997, 15(6), pp. 1876-1883. Available under: doi: 10.1116/1.589571
Zusammenfassung

A detailed study of tunneling spectroscopy concerning semiconductors with a low surface state density is presented. For this purpose, I V curves under dark conditions and under illumination were measured on the (0001) van der Waals surface of a p-type WS2 single crystal, which is known to be free of intrinsic surface states. The measurements are interpreted by an analytical one-dimensional metal-insulator-semiconductor model, which shows that the presence of the finite tunneling current has to be considered in the calculation of the tip-induced bandbending. Rectification of the dark I V curves is explained by the absence of an inversion layer at the semiconductor surface. In contrast, the I V curves measured for different light intensities and tip-sample separations indicate the existence of an optically induced inversion layer. Since no surface recombination needs to be considered to model these spectra, we conclude that bulk recombination, diffusion and direct tunneling of photogenerated minority charge carriers are the dominant processes for semiconductors with a low density of surface states. In contrast to the standard interpretation of tunneling spectroscopy, which can be applied to semiconductors with a high surface state density, our results clearly show that in this case the normalized differential conductivity (dI/dU)/(I/U) cannot be used to determine the energetic distribution of the local surface state density.

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ISO 690SOMMERHALTER, Christof, Thomas W. MATTHES, Johannes BONEBERG, Paul LEIDERER, Martha Christina LUX-STEINER, 1997. Tunneling spectroscopy on semiconductors with a low surface state density. In: Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology / B. 1997, 15(6), pp. 1876-1883. Available under: doi: 10.1116/1.589571
BibTex
@article{Sommerhalter1997Tunne-5315,
  year={1997},
  doi={10.1116/1.589571},
  title={Tunneling spectroscopy on semiconductors with a low surface state density},
  number={6},
  volume={15},
  journal={Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology / B},
  pages={1876--1883},
  author={Sommerhalter, Christof and Matthes, Thomas W. and Boneberg, Johannes and Leiderer, Paul and Lux-Steiner, Martha Christina}
}
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