Avoidance Orientation and the Escalation of Negative Communication in Intimate Relationships

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2015
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Kuster, Monika
Bernecker, Katharina
Backes, Sabine
Brandstätter, Veronika
Bradbury, Thomas N.
Martin, Mike
Sutter-Stickel, Dorothee
Bodenmann, Guy
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Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 2015, 109(2), pp. 262-275. ISSN 1939-1315. eISSN 1939-1315. Available under: doi: 10.1037/pspi0000025
Zusammenfassung

Avoidance goals heighten the salience of negative social experiences, and in intimate relationships such an orientation may contribute to communication difficulties and the perpetuation of avoidance. We therefore hypothesized that individuals with stronger avoidance goals would be particularly prone to engage in escalating levels of negative communication with their intimate partner, and we tested this prediction by conducting sequential analyses on videotaped observational data (28,470 observations) collected from 365 heterosexual couples engaging in a relationship-related conflict. While less avoidance-oriented spouses showed a decline in their likelihood of negative communication over the course of the 8-min conflict discussion, the likelihood that more avoidance-oriented spouses would display negative communication behaviors remained at a high level. The likelihood of negative communication even increased when avoidance-oriented spouses were confronted with negative communication behavior of their partners. The effects of avoidance orientation were independent of relationship satisfaction and neuroticism. These findings demonstrate that avoidance goals underlie individuals’ heightened reactivity to the partner’s negative behavior, while also clarifying 1 possible reason why some individuals engage in communication behaviors that may prove maladaptive to their relationship.

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ISO 690KUSTER, Monika, Katharina BERNECKER, Sabine BACKES, Veronika BRANDSTÄTTER, Fridtjof W. NUSSBECK, Thomas N. BRADBURY, Mike MARTIN, Dorothee SUTTER-STICKEL, Guy BODENMANN, 2015. Avoidance Orientation and the Escalation of Negative Communication in Intimate Relationships. In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 2015, 109(2), pp. 262-275. ISSN 1939-1315. eISSN 1939-1315. Available under: doi: 10.1037/pspi0000025
BibTex
@article{Kuster2015Avoid-43776,
  year={2015},
  doi={10.1037/pspi0000025},
  title={Avoidance Orientation and the Escalation of Negative Communication in Intimate Relationships},
  number={2},
  volume={109},
  issn={1939-1315},
  journal={Journal of Personality and Social Psychology},
  pages={262--275},
  author={Kuster, Monika and Bernecker, Katharina and Backes, Sabine and Brandstätter, Veronika and Nussbeck, Fridtjof W. and Bradbury, Thomas N. and Martin, Mike and Sutter-Stickel, Dorothee and Bodenmann, Guy}
}
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