Aldosterone hyperreactivity to acute psychosocial stress induction in men with essential hypertension

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2021
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Ehlert, Ulrike
von Känel, Roland
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Hormones and Behavior. Elsevier. 2021, 134, 105018. ISSN 0018-506X. eISSN 1095-6867. Available under: doi: 10.1016/j.yhbeh.2021.105018
Zusammenfassung

Essential hypertension is a pivotal risk factor for the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Hypertensives exhibit greater stress-induced responses in various physiological systems considered to contribute to CVD progression. Whether this stress hyperreactivity extends to the adrenal hormone aldosterone has not yet been investigated in essential hypertension. Here, we investigated reactivity of plasma aldosterone to acute psychosocial stress induction in hypertensive and normotensive men. 21 hypertensive men and 25 normotensive controls underwent the standardized Trier-Social-Stress-Test (TSST). We repeatedly assessed plasma aldosterone before and up to 1 h after TSST cessation. Acute psychosocial stress induced significantly greater increases in hypertensives as compared to normotensives (F(3.60, 158.50) = 3.75; p = .008, f = 0.29). Our findings suggest stress-induced hyperreactivity of aldosterone in essential hypertension. Potential implications for stress-related cardiovascular risk remain to be elucidated.

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Fachgebiet (DDC)
150 Psychologie
Schlagwörter
Aldosterone, Essential hypertension, Renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS), Acute psychosocial stress, TSST, Physiological hyperreactivity, Cardiovascular hyperreactivity
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Rezension
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ISO 690GIDEON, Angelina, Christine SAUTER, Ulrike EHLERT, Roland VON KÄNEL, Petra H. WIRTZ, 2021. Aldosterone hyperreactivity to acute psychosocial stress induction in men with essential hypertension. In: Hormones and Behavior. Elsevier. 2021, 134, 105018. ISSN 0018-506X. eISSN 1095-6867. Available under: doi: 10.1016/j.yhbeh.2021.105018
BibTex
@article{Gideon2021-07-02Aldos-54492,
  year={2021},
  doi={10.1016/j.yhbeh.2021.105018},
  title={Aldosterone hyperreactivity to acute psychosocial stress induction in men with essential hypertension},
  volume={134},
  issn={0018-506X},
  journal={Hormones and Behavior},
  author={Gideon, Angelina and Sauter, Christine and Ehlert, Ulrike and von Känel, Roland and Wirtz, Petra H.},
  note={Article Number: 105018}
}
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