Diel and seasonal distribution of perch in Lake Constance : a hydroacoustic study and in situ observations

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1996
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Imbrock, Frauke
Appenzeller, Alfred
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Räumliche Verteilung und Verhaltensmuster des europäischen Barschs (Perca fluviatilis L.) beim Überwintern
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Journal of Fish Biology. 1996, 49(1), pp. 1-13. ISSN 0022-1112. eISSN 1095-8649. Available under: doi: 10.1111/j.1095-8649.1996.tb00001.x
Zusammenfassung

A near-shore belt 50 km in length was surveyed parallel to the shoreline of Lake Constance, central Europe, with a single-beam echosounder five times between July 1993 and February 1994. The species and age composition of fish in the survey area was investigated by gillnet fishing and SCUBA-diving. In summer, the horizontal distribution of perch was patchy. Population density declined from east to west, and highest densities occurred in one shallow bay and close to ports and jetties at steeper shores. During daytime, perch stayed in the sublittoral zone between 3 and 15 m depth and between 2 and 6 m above the thermocline. Within this layer age classes were separated spatially: the relative number of young-of-the-year perch declined with depth whereas the relative number of adult perch (2+ and older) increased with depth. At dusk the fish migrated to the littoral zone, where they spent the night resting on the bottom. In winter, under almost homothermal conditions, perch of all ages were located between the 35 and 70 m depth contours, where they performed pronounced diel vertical migrations. They rested on, or close to, the bottom during daytime and ascended up to 20 m below the surface at night. During this season, horizontal distribution of perch was much more homogeneous than in summer.

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570 Biowissenschaften, Biologie
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Percha fluviatilis, horizontal distribution, vertical distribution, diel migration
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ISO 690IMBROCK, Frauke, Alfred APPENZELLER, Reiner ECKMANN, 1996. Diel and seasonal distribution of perch in Lake Constance : a hydroacoustic study and in situ observations. In: Journal of Fish Biology. 1996, 49(1), pp. 1-13. ISSN 0022-1112. eISSN 1095-8649. Available under: doi: 10.1111/j.1095-8649.1996.tb00001.x
BibTex
@article{Imbrock1996seaso-7637,
  year={1996},
  doi={10.1111/j.1095-8649.1996.tb00001.x},
  title={Diel and seasonal distribution of perch in Lake Constance : a hydroacoustic study and in situ observations},
  number={1},
  volume={49},
  issn={0022-1112},
  journal={Journal of Fish Biology},
  pages={1--13},
  author={Imbrock, Frauke and Appenzeller, Alfred and Eckmann, Reiner}
}
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